Current Genetics

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 297–304 | Cite as

Structure and evolution of myxomycete nuclear group I introns: a model for horizontal transfer by intron homing

  • Steinar Johansen
  • Terje Johansen
  • Finn Haugli
Original Articles

Summary

We have examined five nuclear group I introns, located at three different positions in the large subunit ribosomal RNA (LSU rRNA) gene of the two myxomycete species, Didymium iridis and Physarum polycephalum. Structural models of intron RNAs, including secondary and tertiary interactions, are proposed. This analysis revealed that the Physarum intron 2 contains an unusual core region that lacks the P8 segment, as well as several of the base-triples known to be conserved among group I introns. Structural and evolutionary comparisons suggest that the corresponding introns 1 and 2 were present in a common ancestor of Didymium and Physarum, and that the five introns in LSU rRNA genes of these myxomycetes were acquired in three different events. Evolutionary relationships, inferred from the sequence analysis of several different nuclear group I introns and the ribosomal RNA genes of the intron-harbouring organisms, strongly support horizontal transfer of introns in the course of evolution. We propose a model that may explain how myxomycetes in natural environments obtained their nuclear group I introns.

Key words

Ribosomal DNA Group I introns Myxomycete 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steinar Johansen
    • 1
  • Terje Johansen
    • 1
  • Finn Haugli
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Medical BiologyUniversity of TromsøTromsøNorway

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