Journal of Neurology

, Volume 237, Issue 4, pp 234–238

Myoglobin is a sensitive marker of increased muscle membrane vulnerability

  • M. F. Driessen-Kletter
  • G. J. Amelink
  • P. R. Bär
  • J. van Gijn
Original Investigations


Changes in muscle proteins in serum after exercise were studied to evaluate the use of such proteins as indicators of increased muscle membrane vulnerability. Seventy-one women were asked to perform bicycle exercise for 45 min at a moderate load; four proteins (creatine kinase — CK, myoglobin — Mb, aldolase — Ald and pyruvate kinase — PK) were measured in serum up to 24 h after exercise. Twenty-one women were carriers of Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD); these are known to show an elevated serum CK activity at rest, as well as an increased CK response after exercise. Fifty women without a family history of neuromuscular disease were tested to obtain normal values: they showed a small peak (18%) of CK activity 8h after exercise, and an even smaller peak of Mb (9%) 1h after exercise. The mean post-exercise increase for both CK and Mb in the 21 DMD carriers was significantly higher than in controls; the maximum of Mb, on average 70% of baseline levels, was reached 1h after exercise and was higher than that for CK (48%), which was reached 8 h after exercise. It is concluded that myoglobin levels after exercise are a good index of increased vulnerability of the muscle membrane.

Key words

Muscle damage Creatine kinase Myoglobin, exercise Duchenne muscular dystrophy Exercise test 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. F. Driessen-Kletter
    • 1
  • G. J. Amelink
    • 1
  • P. R. Bär
    • 1
  • J. van Gijn
    • 1
  1. 1.University Department of NeurologyUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Research Laboratory Neurology, AZUUtrechtThe Netherlands

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