Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 14–19 | Cite as

Orientation and motion of water molecules in cordierite: A proton nuclear magnetic resonance study

  • Douglas G. Carson
  • George R. Rossman
  • Robert W. Vaughan


Conventional and solid state proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques have been used to examine water molecules in the channels of a single crystal of cordierite, (Mg, Fe)2Al4Si5O18, as a function of temperature, magnetic field, and orientation. Only one type of water was found rather than water in two distinct rigid orientations which were indicated by earlier infrared spectral studies. However, the measured dipolar splittings indicate that this water is in rapid motion. Shifts in the dipolar doublet due to Fe2+ impurities indicate that the water molecules are not moving among adjacent channel sites along a channel cavity. A two-site hopping model is proposed involving the major residence time spent with the hydrogen-hydrogen vector parallel to the channels, a minor residence time spent with the hydrogen-hydrogen vector perpendicular to the channels, and a short time (<1 μs) in transit. This model fits both the present NMR data and previously reported infrared absorption data and is compared to previously reported neutron diffraction data.


Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Cordierite Infrared Absorption Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Data Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas G. Carson
    • 1
  • George R. Rossman
    • 2
  • Robert W. Vaughan
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  2. 2.Division of Geological and Planetary ScienceCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA

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