Advertisement

Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 446–451 | Cite as

Ion exchange reactions of KNiAsO4

  • A. M. Buckley
  • S. T. Bramwell
  • P. Day
Article
  • 59 Downloads

Abstract

The mica-like layer compound KNiAsO4 easily exchanges its interlayer potassium ions for alkyl ammonium ions, RNH 3 + (R=CH3 - C18H37). Short chain ions (<C4) will react in aqueous solution and longer chains in ethanolic solution. The reaction of KNiAsO4 with aqueous solutions of methyl, ethyl and butyl ammonium chlorides of different concentrations has been investigated using a potassium ionselective electrode. Room temperature kinetic curves of percent exchange vs time were obtained. These indicate an apparent ‘cooperative’ mechanism with some rearrangement of the alkyl ammonium ions between the layers during the reaction. KNiAsO4 also reacts with water. This reaction may facilitate the exchange reaction with aqueous alkyl ammonium ions. The alkyl ammonium ions form ordered arrangements between the [NiAsO4] layers. Small chains (<C4) adopt a variety of configurations within the same product.

Keywords

Exchange Reaction Butyl Short Chain Kinetic Curf Ammonium Chloride 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beneke K, Lagaly G (1982) The brittle mica-like KNiAsO4 and its organic derivatives. Clay Min 17:175–183Google Scholar
  2. Buckley AM, Bramwell ST, Harrison WTA, Day P (1987a) Unpublished resultsGoogle Scholar
  3. Buckley AM, Bramwell ST, Visser D, Day P (1987b) Ion exchange reactions and physical properties of the mica analogue KNiAsO4. J Solid State Chem 69:240–2Google Scholar
  4. Carter RE (1961) Kinetic model for solid state reactions. J Chem Phys 34:2010–2015Google Scholar
  5. Giles CH, MacEwan TH, Nakhwa SN, Smith D (1960) Studies in adsorption. Part XI. A system of classification of solution adsorption isotherms and its use in mechanisms and in measurement of specific area of solids. J Chem Soc 2973–3993Google Scholar
  6. Giles CH, D'Silva AP, Easton IA (1974) A general treatment and classification of the solute adsorption isotherm. Part II Experimental Interpretation. J Colloid Interface Sci 47:766–778Google Scholar
  7. Kinter EB, Diamond S (1962) Characterisation of montmorillonite saturated with short chain amine cations: 2. Interlayer surface coverage by amine cations. Clays Clay Miner 10:174–190Google Scholar
  8. Ladwig G, Ziemer B (1979) Über das glimmerartige kaliumnickel(II)monoarsenat; KNiAsO4. Z Anorg Allg Chem 457:143–148Google Scholar
  9. Lagaly G, Fernandez-Gonzalez M, Weiss A (1976) Problems in layer charge determination of montmorillonites. Clay Miner 11:173–187Google Scholar
  10. Lagaly G (1981) The characterization of clays by organic compounds. Clay Miner 16:1–21Google Scholar
  11. Lagaly G (1984) Clay-organic reactions. Phil Trans R Soc Lond A311:315–332Google Scholar
  12. MacEwan DMC (1948) Complexes of clays with organic compounds I. Complex formation between montmorillonite and Halloysite and certain organic liquids. Trans Faraday Soc 44:349–367Google Scholar
  13. Meredith WNE (1987) Private communicationGoogle Scholar
  14. Moody GJ, Thomas JDR (1973) Selective ion-sensitive electrodes. Merrow Publishing Co, Watford, HertsGoogle Scholar
  15. Pioda LAR, Stankova V, Simon W (1969) Highly selective potassium ion responsive liquid membrane electrode. Anal Lett 2(20):665–674Google Scholar
  16. Range KJ, Meister H (1984) The crystal structure of NaNiAsO4. Z Naturforsch 39b:118–120Google Scholar
  17. Raveau B (1984) Ion exchange and intercalation properties for some oxides with a layer and an intersecting tunnel structure. Rev Chim Miner 10:191–223Google Scholar
  18. Rebbah H, Descardin G, Raveau B (1979) Les oxydes-ATiMO5:Exchangeurs cationiques. Mater Res Bull 14:1125–1131Google Scholar
  19. Rebbah H, Borel MM, Raveau B (1980) Intercalation of alkylammonium ions and oxide layers [TiNbO5]. Mater Res Bull 15:317–321Google Scholar
  20. Stefanac Z, Simon W (1966) In Vitro-verhalten von Makrotetroliden in Membranen als Grundlage für hochselektive kationenspezifische Elekrodensysteme. Chimica (Switzerland) 20:436Google Scholar
  21. Walker GF (1967) Interactions of n-alkylammonium ions with mica type layer lattices. Clay Miner 7:129–143Google Scholar
  22. Weiss A (1962) Mica-type layer silicates with alkyl ammonium ions. Clays Clay Miner 10:191–223Google Scholar
  23. Weiss A (1963) Organic derivatives of mica-type silicates. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2:134–144Google Scholar
  24. Weiss A, Becker AO, Orth H, Mai G, Lechner H, Range KJ (1970) Particle size effects and reaction mechanisms of the intercalation into kaolinite. Proc Int Clay Conf Tokyo 1969 2:180–184 Jerusalem, Israel University PressGoogle Scholar
  25. Whittingham MS, Jacobson AJ (1982) Intercalation chemistry, Academic Press, New York LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Buckley
    • 1
  • S. T. Bramwell
    • 1
  • P. Day
    • 1
  1. 1.Inorganic Chemistry LaboratoryOxford UniversityOxfordUK

Personalised recommendations