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Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 112, Issue 4, pp 450–462 | Cite as

The role of the crust in the magmatic evolution of the island of Lipari (Aeolian Islands, Italy)

  • S. Esperança
  • G. M. Crisci
  • R. de Rosa
  • R. Mazzuoli
Article

Abstract

Volcanic rocks on the island of Lipari show the entire range of Sr, Nd, Pb isotopic compositions displayed by other islands in the Aeolian archipelago. The rapid isotopic evolution of subaerial volcanic rocks on Lipari towards crustal values together with the appropriate isotopic composition of the neighbouring Calabrian crust (Serre) indicate that many geochemical characteristics observed in the lavas can be attributed to contamination and mixing with crustal materials and melts. Interpretation of the data is complicated by the fact that underplating onto the crust-mantle boundary and the specific lithologies present in the crustal section differ underneath each individual sector of the island. In the central and northern parts of the island, metapelitic rocks were incorporated to provide the more radiogenic Sr isotopic compositions of some lavas. The products from M. Guardia in the southern part of Lipari, where activity is restricted to the last 30–40 ka, bear geochemical similarities to the island of Vulcano, where it is proposed that considerable remobilization of the crust took place in the presence of mafic mantle-derived melts. On Lipari the petrogenetic processes of magma mixing and assimilation dominate over fractional crystallization, and the observed increase of K2O over Na2O can be correlated with contributions from metapelitic crustal lithologies. It is suggested that the variability in isotopic composition and the budget of alkalis (Na2O versus K2O) in the lavas can be explained by invoking a heat source from an intruding asthenospheric MORB-type mantle into a cooler lithospheric crust/mantle during the opening of the Tyrrhenian basin.

Keywords

Isotopic Composition Lithology Volcanic Rock Na2O Magmatic Evolution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Esperança
    • 1
  • G. M. Crisci
    • 2
  • R. de Rosa
    • 2
  • R. Mazzuoli
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Applíed SciencesDeakin University-RusdenClaytonAustralia
  2. 2.Dipartimento Scienze della TerraUniversità degli Studi della CalabriaArcavacata-RendeItaly

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