Advertisement

Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 84–88 | Cite as

New hole centers in natural quartz

  • D. Maschmeyer
  • G. Lehmann
Article

Abstract

In natural citrines five new hole centers were detected and analyzed by electron paramagnetic resonance. An additional one was observed in rose-colored quartz crystals with radiation defects as the cause of coloration. Characteristic hyperfine patterns due to an adjacent aluminum impurity were resolved in the spectra of three of these centers. Their relations to other hole centers of well-known structure in quartz and fused silica are discussed and possible models for their structures are proposed.

Keywords

Radiation Aluminum Quartz Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Mineral Resource 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson JH, Weil JA (1959) Paramagnetic resonance of color centers in germanium-doped quartz. J Chem Phys 31:427–434Google Scholar
  2. Atkins PH, Symons MCR (1967) The structure of inorganic radicals. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  3. Bambauer HU (1961) Beziehungen zwischen Spurenelementgehalten und Farbzentren in Quarzen aus Zerrklüften der Schweizer Alpen. Schweiz Mineral Petrogr Mitt 41:335–369Google Scholar
  4. Chakraborty D, Lehmann G (1976) On the structures and orientations of hydrogen defects in natural and synthetic quartz crystals. Phys Status Solidi A34:467–474Google Scholar
  5. Cox RT (1976) ESR of an S=2 centre in amethyst quartz and its possible identification as the d 4-ion Fe4+. J Phys C 9:3355–3362Google Scholar
  6. Cox RT (1977) Optical absorption of the d 4-ion Fe4+ in pleochroic amethyst quartz. J Phys C 10:4631–4643Google Scholar
  7. Edwards AH, Fowler WB (1982) Theory of the peroxy-radical defect in a-SiO2. Phys Rev B26:6649–6660Google Scholar
  8. Feigl FJ, Anderson JH (1970) Defects in crystalline quartz: Electron paramagnetic resonance of E′ vacancy centers associated with germanium impurities. J Phys Chem Solids 31:575–596Google Scholar
  9. Friebele EJ, Griscom DL, Stapelbroek M (1979) Fundamental defect centers in glass: The peroxy radical in irradiated, high-purity, fused silica. Phys Rev Letters 42:1346–1349Google Scholar
  10. Griscom DL, Friebele EJ (1981) Fundamental defect centers in glass: 29Si hyperfine structure of the nonbridging oxygen hole center and the peroxy radical in a-SiO2. Phys Rev B 24:4896–4898Google Scholar
  11. Halliburton LE, Perlson BD, Weeks RA, Weil JA, Wintersgill MC (1979) EPR study of the E4 center in α-quartz. Solid State Commun 30:575–578Google Scholar
  12. Ikenberry D, Jette A, Das TP (1970) Theoretical calculation explaining negative transferred hyperfine constants of the V k center. Phys Rev B1:2785–2789Google Scholar
  13. Isoya J, Tennant WC, Uchida Y, Weil JA (1982) Biradical center in α-quartz. J Magn Reson 49:489–497Google Scholar
  14. Kats A (1962) Hydrogen in α-quartz. Philips Res Rep 17:133–195; 201–279Google Scholar
  15. Marfunin AS (1979) Spectroscopy, luminescence and radiation centers in minerals. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 274–278Google Scholar
  16. Maschmeyer D, Niemann K, Hake H, Lehmann G, Räuber A (1980) Two modified smoky quartz centers in natural citrine. Phys Chem Minerals 6:145–156Google Scholar
  17. Maschmeyer D, Lehmann G (1983) A trapped hole center causing rose coloration of natural quartz. Z Kristallogr 163:181–196Google Scholar
  18. Morton JR, Preston KF (1978) Atomic parameters for paramagnetic resonance data. J Magn Reson 30:577–582Google Scholar
  19. Nuttal RHD, Weil JA (1980) Two hydrogenic trapped-hole species in α-quartz. Solid State Commun 33:99–102Google Scholar
  20. Nuttal RHD, Weil JA (1981a) The magnetic properties of the oxygen-hole aluminum centers in crystalline SiO2. I. [AlO4]0. Can J Phys 59:1696–1708Google Scholar
  21. Nuttal RHD, Weil JA (1981b) The magnetic properties of the oxygen-hole aluminum centers in crystalline SiO2. II. [AlO4/H+]+ and [AlO4/Li+]+. Can J Phys 59:1709–1718Google Scholar
  22. Nuttal RHD, Weil JA (1981c) The magnetic properties of the oxygen-hole aluminum centers in crystalline SiO2. III. [AlO4]+. Can J Phys 59:1886–1892Google Scholar
  23. Perlson BD, Weil JA (1972) Atomic hydrogen in α-quartz. J Magn Reson 15:594–595Google Scholar
  24. Rey C, Trombe JC, Dugas J (1976) Étude par R.P.E. de l'ion O2 dans quelques apatites oxygénées. CR Acad Sci Paris C 283:277–279Google Scholar
  25. Sachs H, Lehmann G (1979) Correlation of zero field splittings and site distortions. I. MnCl42− in approximately trigonal symmetry. Phys Status Solidi B:92:417–424Google Scholar
  26. Samoilovich MI, Tsinober LI, Kreiskop VN (1969) The nature of radiation-produced citrine coloration in quartz. Sov Phys Crystallogr 13:626–628Google Scholar
  27. Samoilovich MI, Tsinober LI, Kreiskop VN (1970) Features of the smoky color of natural quartz crystals: Morions. Sov Phys Crystallogr 15:438–440Google Scholar
  28. Schirmer OF (1968) The structure of the paramagnetic lithium center in zinc oxide and beryllium oxide. J Phys Chem Solids 29:1407–1429Google Scholar
  29. Schirmer OF (1973) Model calculation on exchange core polarization in transferred hyperfine interaction. J Phys C 6:300–309Google Scholar
  30. Siebenthal de JM, Bill H (1982) EPR investigation of an O3 center in SrCl2. Chem Phys Lett 87:40–44Google Scholar
  31. Skuja LN, Silin AR (1979) Optical properties and energetic structure of non-bridging oxygen centers in vitreous silica. Phys Status Solidi A:56:K11–13Google Scholar
  32. Speit B, Lehmann G (1976) Hole centers in the feldspar sanidine. Phys Status Solidi A:36:471–481Google Scholar
  33. Stapelbroek M, Griscom DL, Friebele EJ, Sigel GH (1979) Oxygen-associated trapped-hole centers in high-purity fused silicas. J Non Cryst Solids 32:313–326Google Scholar
  34. Weeks RA (1962) Paramagnetic spectra of E′2 centers in crystalline quartz. Phys Rev 130:570–576Google Scholar
  35. Weeks RA, Abraham M (1965) Electron spin resonance of irradiated quartz: Atomic hydrogen. J Chem Phys 42:68–71Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Maschmeyer
    • 1
  • G. Lehmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Physikalische ChemieWestfälische Wilhelms-UniversitätMünsterWest Germany

Personalised recommendations