Psychological Research

, Volume 46, Issue 3, pp 301–313 | Cite as

Comparisons of native and foreign language poetry readings: Fluency, expressiveness, and their evaluation

  • Daniel C. O'Connell
  • Sabine Kowal
Article

Summary

American college and German Gymnasium students read an English and German poem in their respective native (L1) and foreign (L2) languages. In L2, articulation rate (syl/s) was slower and phrase length (syl/pause) shorter than in L1. Only the German women read expressively: Mean pause duration was higher than all other groups in L1 and lower in L2. Evaluations of fluency and expressiveness by American teachers of German and German teachers of English paralleled these results. Two cut-off points (0.27 and 0.13 sec) for measurements of minimum pause duration were examined, and cautions regarding use of a high cut-off point given.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Appel, G., Dechert, H.W., Raupach, M. (1980). A selected bibliography on temporal variables in speech. Tübingen: Gunter Narr.Google Scholar
  2. Chakoian, L., O'Connell, D.C. (1981). Evaluations of poetry readings of English and drama professors. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 18, 173–175.Google Scholar
  3. Clemmer, E.J., O'Connell, D.C., Loui, W. (1979). Rhetorical pauses in oral reading. Language and Speech, 22, 397–405.Google Scholar
  4. cummings ee (1954). Poems 1923–1954. New York: Harcourt Brace.Google Scholar
  5. Dillon, G.L. (1976). Clause, pause, and punctuation in poetry. Linguistics, 169, 5–20.Google Scholar
  6. Fónagy, I. (1960). Die Redepausen in der Dichtung. Phonetica, 5, 169–203.Google Scholar
  7. Funkhouser, L. (1979a). Acoustical rhythms in “Buffalo Bill's.” Journal of Modern Literature, 7, 219–242.Google Scholar
  8. Funkhouser, L. (1979b). Acoustic rhythm in Randall Jarrell's The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner. Poetics, 8, 381–403.Google Scholar
  9. Funkhouser, L. (1982). Acoustic rhythm in Frost's “Dust of Snow.” Language and Style, 14, 287–303.Google Scholar
  10. Funkhouser, L., O'Connell, D.C. (1978). Temporal aspects of poetry readings by authors and adults. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 12, 390–392.Google Scholar
  11. Goldman-Eisler, F. (1968). Psycholinguistics: Experiments in spontaneous speech. New York: Academic.Google Scholar
  12. Hieke, A.E., Kowal, S., O'Connell, D.C. (1983). The trouble with ‘articulatory’ pauses. Language and Speech, 26, 203–214.Google Scholar
  13. Kowal, S., Bassett, M.R., O'Connell, D.C. (in press). The spontaneity of media interviews. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 12.Google Scholar
  14. Meinhold, G. (1967). Quantität und Häufigkeit von Pausen in gelesenen deutschen Texten in Zusammenhang mit dem Sprechtempo. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, 1, 107–111.Google Scholar
  15. O'Connell, D.C. (1980). Toward an empirical rhetoric: Some comparisons of expressiveness in poetry readings by authors, Englisch professors, and drama professors. Archiv für Psychologie, 133, 117–128.Google Scholar
  16. O'Connell, D.C. (1982). Performance characteristics of poetry: Some cross-linguistic comparisons. Psychological Research, 44, 381–392.Google Scholar
  17. O'Connell, D.C., Kowal, S. (1983). Pausology. In: Sedelow, W., Sedelow, S. (Eds.), Computers in language research. Vol. 3, 221–301, Cognitive approaches. The Hague: Mouton.Google Scholar
  18. Rilke, R.M. (1963). Werke: Auswahl in drei Bänden (Vol. 1). Frankfurt: Insel Verlag.Google Scholar
  19. Simon, P. (1983). Is America tongue-tied? Academe, 69, 9–12.Google Scholar
  20. Snell, A.L.F. (1918a). An objective study of syllabic quantity in English verse. Publication of the Modern Language Association, 33, 396–408.Google Scholar
  21. Snell, A.L.F. (1918b). Pause: A study of its nature and its rhythmical function in verse, especially blank verse. In Scott F.N. (Ed.), Contributions to rhetorical theory (Vol. 8) Ann Arbor, Michigan: Ann Arbor Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel C. O'Connell
    • 1
  • Sabine Kowal
    • 2
  1. 1.Loyola University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Technical University of BerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations