Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 114, Issue 1, pp 101–118 | Cite as

A detailed isotopic and petrological study of a single garnet from the Gassetts Schist, Vermont

  • Derek Vance
  • Tim Holland


Garnets, up to 1.2 cm across, from a metapelite in the Acadian metamorphic terrain of eastern Vermont have been analysed for major elements and segregated into different fractions for isotopic analysis. The garnets preserve abundant inclusions of minerals present during garnet growth which allow a nearly complete reaction history to be established. The Sm-Nd and U-Pb isotopic analyses yield concordant ages of ∼380 Ma for the rim of one garnet and this is interpreted as the formation age. The changing mineral assemblages through garnet growth, their evolving compositions and the thermodynamic dataset of Holland and Powell (1990) are used to put constraints on the P-T evolution during growth. These imply growth during heating from 540 to 635° C and decompression from 9.7 to 7.2 kbar, representing a temperature increase of 95° C and an uplift of 7 km during growth of the garnet. While growth during heating and decompression is consistent with both field evidence and analysis of garnet microstructures and is predicted by theoretical models of regional metamorphism, the extent of the temperature increase requires either very slow uplift (≤0.15 mm a-1) or an additional magmatic heat input. Slow uplift is precluded by existing constraints on both the duration of the uplift event and that of garnet growth and it is concluded that an external magmatic heat input is required. Comparison with published data on the timing of metamorphism in other parts of the terrain suggests that the peak occurred earlier in lower grade regions, a conclusion that is again supported by theoretical studies. Following the peak, cooling and uplift occurred at a modest rate consistent with simple isostatic recovery.


Major Element Isotopic Analyse Mineral Assemblage Regional Metamorphism Complete Reaction 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Derek Vance
    • 1
  • Tim Holland
    • 1
  1. 1.Department Earth SciencesUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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