Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 118, Issue 3, pp 271–296

Thermodynamics of multicomponent pyroxenes: III. Calibration of Fe2+(Mg)-1, TiAl2(MgSi2)-1, TiFe23+(MgSi2)-1, AlFe3+(MgSi)-1, NaAl(CaMg)-1, Al2(MgSi)-1 and Ca(Mg)-1 exchange reactions between pyroxenes and silicate melts

  • Richard O. Sack
  • Mark S. Ghiorso


A thermodynamic model for the Gibbs free energy of igneous pyroxenes with the general formula [Na, Ca, Fe2+, Mg]M2[Fe2+, Mg, Ti, Al, Fe3+]M1[Al, Fe3+, Si]TetSiO6 is calibrated from experimentally determined compositions of coexisting pyroxene and silicate melt. The model is based upon the general formulation, and relies upon the calibration of the “quadrilateral” subsystem, previously published by the present authors. The calibration database of pyroxene-liquid equilibria spans a broad spectrum of temperature, pressure and oxygen fugacity conditions, ranging from 1000°–1600°C, 0.001–30 kbar and iron-wüstite to air. Chemical potentials of endmember pyroxene components as well as exchange potentials between pyroxenes and coexisting liquids are defined utilizing the present authors' thermodynamic melt model. Model parameters are extracted from these relations by regression analysis. The resulting model and derivative endmember properties are internally consistent with an existing standard state thermodynamic database. The success of the model and its applicability to igneous petrogenesis are demonstrated by comparing calculated and experimentally determined liquidus compositions, temperatures and symmetry states for pyroxenes crystallizing from a variety of silicate melts, ranging in composition from tholeiites and angrites through rhyolites to potash ankaratrites.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard O. Sack
    • 1
  • Mark S. Ghiorso
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth and Atmospheric SciencesPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  2. 2.Department of Geological Sciences, AJ-20University of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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