Histochemie

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 351–365 | Cite as

Histochemical studies on the mucins of the vertebrate tongues

I. Histochemical analysis of mucosubstances in the amphibian tongue
  • M. N. Nalavade
  • A. T. Varute
Article

Summary

With a view to augment the understanding of the tongue mucosubstances and their significance in the physiology of taste, tongues of two amphibians were investigated histochemically to determine the distribution and nature of the mucosubstances by employing recent techniques, and the results were considered comparatively with the tongue mucins of other vertebrates and the animal mucosubstances in general. A heterogenous distribution of neutral mucins, sulfomucins and sialomucins in fungiform and filiform papillae, ventral epithelium, lingual glands and connectives tissue could be significantly noted on the basis of which various cell types having specialised mucosubstances were identified in the papillae and the ventral epithelium.

The tongue mucosubstances, especially sulfomucins and sialomucins, exhibited inharent heterogenity. Sulfomucins at some sites were hyaluronidas-labile and at other hyaluronidaseresistant, their azurophilia especially at low pH was also different, some being azurophilic and others nonazurophilic. Sialomucins also exhibited such heterogenity, at some sites they were labile to acid hydrolysis and mild methylation but in others they were resistant to the latter, though sialomucins at both sites were sialidase-labile. The mucosubstances localised in the serous glands were highly typical, since they exhibited extraordinary histochemical reactions, they possessed intensely PAS positive reactivity resistant to diastase, hyaluronidase and sialidase, negative to alcian blue both at pH 1 and 2.5, and exhibited no metachromasia at both low and high pH levels, but showed alcianophilia only at high pH levels. Such high pH alcianophilia was sialidase and hyaluronidase resistant but labile to mild methylation. These mucosubstances bear some similarity to those of mammalian parotid.

Such heterogenity was reflected at species-specific level, since some interesting speciesspecific differences were observed in mucosubstances of histologically identical cells and tissues of tongues of the two species of amphibians which might assist in the elucidation of phylogenetic importance of mucins.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. N. Nalavade
    • 1
  • A. T. Varute
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology, Cell-Biology SectionShivaji UniversityVidyanagar, Kolhapur-4, (Maharashtra)India

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