Advertisement

Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology

, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 399–405 | Cite as

Optimal daily routines of singing and foraging in a bird singing to attract a mate

  • J. M. McNamara
  • R. H. Mace
  • A. I. Houston
Article

Summary

In this paper we develop a dynamic programming model to explore the optimal organization of daily routines of singing and foraging in a small bird. While singing the bird may attract a mate but uses up energy. Most of the patterns of daily variation in singing generated have basic features very characteristic of typical passerine song output. The predictions are remarkably robust to changes in a wide range of parameters, showing which parameters are important. A peak of singing at dawn can result from variability in overnight energy expenditure in the absence of any circadian patterns in the environment.

Keywords

Energy Expenditure Dynamic Programming Basic Feature Programming Model Daily Variation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aström G (1976) Environmental influence on daily song activity of the reed bunting (Embiriza schoenicus). Zoon Suppl 2:1–82Google Scholar
  2. Avery MI, Krebs JR (1984) Temperature and foraging success of Great Tits Parus major foraging for spiders. Ibis 126:33–38Google Scholar
  3. Barclay RMR, Leonard ML, Friesan G (1985) Nocturnal singing by marsh wrens. Condor 87:418–422Google Scholar
  4. Catchpole CK (1973) The functions of advertising song in the sedge warbler (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus) and the reed warbler (A. scirpaceus). Behav 46:300–320Google Scholar
  5. Garson PJ, Hunter ML (1979) Effect of temperature and time of year on the singing behaviour of wrens (Troglodytes troglodytes) and great tits (Parus major). Ibis 121:481–487Google Scholar
  6. Henwood K, Fabrick A (1979) A quantiative analysis of the dawn chorus: temporal selection for communicatory optimization. Am Nat 114:260–274Google Scholar
  7. Kacelnik A (1979) The foraging efficiency of great tits (Parus major) in relation to light intensity. Anim Behav 27:237–242Google Scholar
  8. Kacelnik A, Krebs JR (1982) The dawn chorus in the Great Tit (P. major); proximate and ultimate causes. Behav 83:287–309Google Scholar
  9. Krebs JR (1977) Song and territory in the great tit. In: Stonehouse B, Perrins CM (eds) Evolutionary ecology. Macmillan Press, London, pp 47–62Google Scholar
  10. Mace R (1986) Importance of female behaviour in the dawn chorus. Anim Behav 34:621–622Google Scholar
  11. Masman D (1986) The annual cycle of the kestrel. Unpub Ph D thesis, University of GroningenGoogle Scholar
  12. McNamara JM, Houston AI (1986) The common currency for behavioural decisions. Am Nat 127:358–378Google Scholar
  13. Steffens R, Geiler H (1975) Der Einfluß exogener and endogener Faktoren auf die Intensität des Vogelgesanges. Beitr Vogelkd 21:385–409Google Scholar
  14. Verner J (1965) Time budget of the male long-billed marsh wren (Telmatodytes palustris) in the breeding season. Condor 67:125–139Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. McNamara
    • 1
  • R. H. Mace
    • 2
  • A. I. Houston
    • 2
  1. 1.School of MathematicsUniversity of BristolBristolEngland
  2. 2.Edward Grey Institute, Department of ZoologyUniversity of OxfordOxfordEngland

Personalised recommendations