Calcified Tissue International

, Volume 57, Issue 5, pp 325–328 | Cite as

Is bone mineral density advantage maintained long-term in previous weight lifters?

  • M. K. Karlsson
  • O. Johnell
  • K. J. Obrant
Clinical Investigations


This cross-sectional study was done in order to ascertain whether there is a lifelong beneficial effect on bone mineral density (BMD) of early, long-lasting, and intense physical exercise. Forty-eight male ex-weight lifters, mean age 64 years (range 50–79) participated. They had followed a training program of an average of 10 hours/week (range 4–20) for an average of 13 years (range 1–34). They had all retired from competitive sport an average of 30 years (range 7–50) ago. Sixty-six age-matched volunteers served as controls. The bone mineral density (BMD, areal density, g/cm2) in the total body, spine, and hips and the fat content and lean body mass were measured with the LUNAR DPX bone mass scanner. In ex-weight lifters 50–64 years of age, the BMD was greater than in controls. After 65 years, no difference was found between the former weight lifters and their controls.

Key words

Bone mineral density Bone mass measurements Duarenergy X-ray absorptiometry Weight lifting physical activity 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. K. Karlsson
    • 1
  • O. Johnell
    • 1
  • K. J. Obrant
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OrthopedicsMalmö University HospitalMalmöSweden

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