Anatomy and Embryology

, Volume 161, Issue 3, pp 283–289 | Cite as

On the determination of mesodermal tissues in the avian embryonic wing bud

  • F. Wachtler
  • B. Christ
  • H. J. Jacob


The quail-chick-marker technique has been employed to elucidate the determination of embryonic tissues in the avian wing bud. It was found that myogenic cells of somitic origin are determinated to give rise only to muscular tissue from HH-stage 19 on. Mesenchyme in the cartilage forming regions is determinated to form cartilage from HH-stage 20 on. Tissue from non-cartilage forming regions retains the option to form cartilage at least up to HH-stage 26. Whereas cells of somatopleural lineage do not migrate within the limb bud, cells of somitic origin do so up to at least HH-stage 28.

Key words

Avian embryo Wing bud Mesenchyme Determination 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Caplan AJ, Koutroupas J (1973) The control of muscle and cartilage development in the chick limb: the role of differential vascularisation. J Embryol Exp Morphol 29:571–583Google Scholar
  2. Chevallier A, Kieny M, Mauger A (1977a) Limb-somite relationship: origin of the limb musculature. J Embryol Exp Morphol 41:245–258Google Scholar
  3. Chevallier A, Kieny M, Mauger A (1978) Limb-somite relationship: effect of removal of somitic mesoderm on the wing musculature. J Embryol Morphol 43:263–278Google Scholar
  4. Chevallier A, Kieny M, Mauger A, Sengel P (1977b) Developmental fate of the somitic mesoderm in the chick embryo. In: Ede DA, Hinchliffe JR, Balls M (eds) Vertebrate Limb and Somite Morphogenesis. Cambridge University Press, London, pp 421–432Google Scholar
  5. Christ B, Jacob HJ (1980) Origin, distribution and determination of chick limb mesenchymal cells. 4th Symposium of prenatal development, “Teratology of the limbs”. de Gruyter Berlin, in pressGoogle Scholar
  6. Christ B, Jacob HJ, Jacob M (1974) Über den Ursprung der Flügelmuskulatur. Experimentelle Untersuchungen mit Wachtel-und Hühnerembryonen. Experientia 30:1446–1448Google Scholar
  7. Christ B, Jacob HJ, Jacob M (1977) Experimental analysis of the origin of the wing musculature in avian embryos. Anat Embryol 150:171–186Google Scholar
  8. Dienstman SR, Biehl J, Holtzer S, Holtzer H (1974) Myogenic and chondrogenic lineages in developing limb buds grown in vitro. Dev Biol 39:83–95Google Scholar
  9. Hamburger V, Hamilton HL (1951) A series of normal stages in the development of the chick embryol. J Morphol 88:49–92Google Scholar
  10. Jacob M, Chirst B, Jacob HJ (1978) On the migration of myogenic stem cells into the prospective wing region of chick embryos. A scanning and transmission electron microscope study. Anat Embryol 153:179–193Google Scholar
  11. Le Douarin N, Barq G (1969) Sur l'utilisation des cellules de la caille japonaise comme “marqueurs biologiques” en embryologie expérimentale. CR Hebd Séanc Acad Sci Paris D 269:pp 1543–1546Google Scholar
  12. McLachlan JC, Hornbruch A (1979) Muscle-forming potential of non-somitic cells of the early avian limb bud. J Embryol Exp Morphol 54:209–217Google Scholar
  13. Nathanson MA, Hay ED (1980) Analysis of cartilage differentiation from skeletal muscle grown on bone matrix. Dev Biol 78:301–331Google Scholar
  14. Newman SA (1977) Lineage and pattern in the developing wing bud. In: Ede DA, Hinchliffe JR, Balls M (eds) Vertebrate Limb and Somite Morphogenesis. Cambridge University Press, London pp 181–198Google Scholar
  15. Searls RL (1967) The role of cell migration in the development of the embryonic chick limb bud. J Exp Zool 166:39–50Google Scholar
  16. Searls RL, Janners MY (1969) The stabilization of cartilage properties in the cartilage forming mesenchyme of the embryonic chick limb. J Exp Zool 170:365–376Google Scholar
  17. Shellswell GB, Wolpert L (1977) The pattern of muscle and tendon development in the chick wing. In: Ede DA, Hinchliffe JR, Balls M (eds) Vertebrate Limb and Somite Morphogenesis. Cambridge University Press, London, pp 71–86Google Scholar
  18. Stark RJ, Searls RL (1973) A description of chick wing bud development and a model of limb morphogenesis. Dev Biol 33:138–153Google Scholar
  19. Womble MD, Bonner PH (1980) Developmental fate of a distinct class of chick myoblasts after transplantation of cloned cells into quail embryos. J Embryol Exp Morphol 58:119–130Google Scholar
  20. Zwilling E (1966) Cartilage formation from so called myogenic tissue of chick embryo limb buds. Ann Med Exp Biol Fenn 44:134–139Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Wachtler
    • 1
  • B. Christ
    • 2
  • H. J. Jacob
  1. 1.Histologisch-Embryologisches Institut der Universität WienWienAustria
  2. 2.Arbeitsgruppe für Experimentelle Embryologie der Ruhr-Universität BochumBochumFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations