Coronary arterial calcification as an active process: A new perspective on an old problem
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The mechanism and purpose of coronary atherosclerotic calcification remain unknown. However, evidence reviewed here suggests that calcification is not passive precipitation or adsorption, but instead is organized and regulated. Gla containing proteins and other proteins normally associated with bone metabolism appear to play an important role in this process. A variety of studies are currently in progress in our laboratory which we hope will provide a more comprehensive understanding of processes leading to coronary calcification as well as prognostic data useful in clinical cardiologic practice. A clearer understanding of the nature and significance of coronary calcification may well pave the way toward new interventions to protect myocardium and minimize the morbidity and mortality associated with coronary artery disease.
Key wordsCoronary calcification Bone proteins
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