Zeitschrift für vergleichende Physiologie

, Volume 72, Issue 4, pp 364–369 | Cite as

Influence of acclimation temperature on the shivering behavior of the butterfly Danaus plexippus (L.)

  • Ann E. Kammer


Most of the monarch butterflies kept at 4–5° C for a few days shivered when released at a test temperature of 15–16° C, whereas fewer of the butterflies kept at 23–24° C did so. Cold-acclimated butterflies shivered more readily, as indicated by the length of the interval between release at the test temperature and the onset of shivering, and they shivered for longer periods of time. The effects of cold acclimation were reversible, but in only 1 out of 3 replicates was the warm acclimation clearly reversed. Cool animals shivered at room temperature, indicating that body temperature and not ambient temperature is important in releasing the behavior. It is suggested that the acclimation involves alteration in the central neurons controlling the activity of muscles involved in shivering.


Ambient Temperature Body Temperature Test Temperature Cold Acclimation Central Neuron 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ann E. Kammer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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