Advertisement

Zeitschrift für vergleichende Physiologie

, Volume 72, Issue 4, pp 364–369 | Cite as

Influence of acclimation temperature on the shivering behavior of the butterfly Danaus plexippus (L.)

  • Ann E. Kammer
Article

Summary

Most of the monarch butterflies kept at 4–5° C for a few days shivered when released at a test temperature of 15–16° C, whereas fewer of the butterflies kept at 23–24° C did so. Cold-acclimated butterflies shivered more readily, as indicated by the length of the interval between release at the test temperature and the onset of shivering, and they shivered for longer periods of time. The effects of cold acclimation were reversible, but in only 1 out of 3 replicates was the warm acclimation clearly reversed. Cool animals shivered at room temperature, indicating that body temperature and not ambient temperature is important in releasing the behavior. It is suggested that the acclimation involves alteration in the central neurons controlling the activity of muscles involved in shivering.

Keywords

Ambient Temperature Body Temperature Test Temperature Cold Acclimation Central Neuron 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Davidson, T. F.: Changes in the temperature tolerance during the life cycle of Calliphora erythrocephala. J. Insect Physiol. 15, 977–988 (1969).Google Scholar
  2. Dierolf, B. M., McDonald, H. S.: Effects of temperature acclimation on electrical properties of earthworm giant axons. Z. vergl. Physiol. 62, 284–290 (1969).Google Scholar
  3. Hanegan, J. L., Heath, J. E.: Temperature dependence of the neural control of the moth flight system. J. exp. Biol. 53, 629–639 (1970).Google Scholar
  4. Kammer, A. E.: Motor patterns during flight and warm-up in Lepidoptera. J. exp. Biol. 48, 89–109 (1968).Google Scholar
  5. —: Thoracic temperature, shivering, and flight in the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus (L.). Z. vergl. Physiol. 68, 334–344 (1970).Google Scholar
  6. Kerkut, G. A., Taylor, B. J. R.: The effect of temperature changes on the activity of poikilotherms. Behaviour 13, 259–279 (1958).Google Scholar
  7. Konishi, J., Hickman, C. P., Jr.: Temperature acclimation in the central nervous system of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdnerii). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 13, 433–442 (1964).Google Scholar
  8. Lagerspetz, K. Y. H., Talo, A.: Temperature acclimation of the functional parameters of the giant nerve fibres in Lumbricus terrestris L. I. Conduction velocity and the duration of the rising and falling phase of the action potential. J. exp. Biol. 47, 471–480 (1967).Google Scholar
  9. Moran, V. C., Ewer, D. C.: Observations on certain characteristics of the flight motor of sphingid and saturniid moths. J. Insect Physiol. 12, 457–463 (1966).Google Scholar
  10. Prosser, C. L., Fahri, E.: Effects of temperature on conditioned reflexes and on nerve conduction in fish. Z. vergl. Physiol. 50, 91–101 (1965).Google Scholar
  11. United States Weather Bureau: Climatography of the United States, No. 11-4. Climatic summary of the United States-Supplement for 1931 through 1952.Google Scholar
  12. - Climatological Data, California. 71 (1967), 72 (1968), 73 (1969).Google Scholar
  13. Urquhart, F. A.: The monarch butterfly. Toronto: Univ. Toronto Press 1960.Google Scholar
  14. Wigglesworth, V. B.: The principles of insect physiology. London: Methuen 1965.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ann E. Kammer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

Personalised recommendations