Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 185–193 | Cite as

On the evolution of nest raiding and male defensive behaviour in sticklebacks (Pisces: Gasterosteidae)

  • W. L. Vickery
  • F. G. Whoriskey
  • G. J. FitzGerald


We develop a model to explain the evolution of nest raiding by female sticklebacks based on enhanced female reproductive success derived by creating mating opportunities with the male whose nest has been destroyed. Our model depends critically on the shape of the function relating percentage hatch success to the number of eggs in a male's nest, and the probability that the female will later mate with the male whose nest was raided. Raiding by females will be favoured when the number of eggs in the nest is high providing high egg numbers reduces the percentage hatch rate. High probabilities of mating with the male in question also favour raiding. A second model suggests that males cannot reduce the probability of being raided by limiting the number of eggs in the nest. Instead selection should favour their increasing the number of eggs in the nest. Tests of these models are suggested and their relation to other factors which may influence the evolution of cannibalism are discussed.


High Probability Reproductive Success Defensive Behaviour Hatch Success Hatch Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. L. Vickery
    • 1
  • F. G. Whoriskey
    • 2
  • G. J. FitzGerald
    • 3
  1. 1.Département des Sciences biologiquesUniversité du Québec à MontréalMontréalCanada
  2. 2.Department of Renewable ResourcesMacdonald CollegeSte. Anne de BellevueCanada
  3. 3.Department de BiologieUniversité LavalSte.-FoyCanada

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