Social Indicators Research

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 153–175 | Cite as

Measurement and determinants of socioeconomic development: A critical conspectus

  • Habibullah Khan
Article

Abstract

The study evaluates the progress made in the past decades on the measurement of socioeconomic performance. Both income and social indicators approaches are thoroughly surveyed and an additional contribution is made to the latter by undertaking a large-scale correlation study. The results of the correlation analysis indicate a high level of correspondence between per capita GNP and various composite social indices constructed by an aggregation procedure called the ‘Wroclaw Taxonomic Method’. On the determinants of socioeconomic progress, the study examines two well-known development strategies, equity and basic needs. Besides, it suggests few other policy instruments which might influence the level of socioeconomic development. Finally, some ‘new’ areas are identified for future research in this subject.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adelman, I. and C. T. Morris: 1967, Society Politics and Economic Development: A Quantitative Approach (John Hopkins University Press Baltimore).Google Scholar
  2. Adelman, I. and C. T. Morris: 1973, Economic Growth and Social Equity in Developing Countries (Stanford University Press, California).Google Scholar
  3. Ahluwalia, M. S. and H. B. Chenery: 1974, ‘A conceptual framework for economic analysis’, in Chenery, H. et al. (ed.) (1974) Redistribution with Growth (Oxford University Press, Oxford), pp. 00–00.Google Scholar
  4. Ahluwalia, M. S.: 1976, ‘Inequality poverty and development’, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 3, pp. 307–42.Google Scholar
  5. Baster, N. (ed.): 1972, Measuring Development (Frank Cass, London).Google Scholar
  6. Bhagwati, J. N.: 1986, ‘Rethinking trade strategy’, in Lewis, J. P. and V. Kallab (ed.) Development Strategies Reconsidered (Overseas Development Council, Washington), pp. 91–104.Google Scholar
  7. Bunge, M.: 1981, ‘Development indicators’, Social Indicators Research, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 369–85.Google Scholar
  8. Bhalla, A. S. and A. G. Fluitman: 1985, ‘Science and technology indicators and socioeconomic development’, World Development, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 177–90.Google Scholar
  9. Chenery, H. et al. (ed.): 1974, Redistribution with Growth (Oxford University Press, Oxford).Google Scholar
  10. Chenery, H. and M. Syrquin: 1975, Patterns of Developments, 1950–70 (Oxford University Press, New York).Google Scholar
  11. Corbo, V. and J. D. Melo: 1987, ‘Lessons from southern cone policy reforms’, The World Bank Research Observer, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 111–42.Google Scholar
  12. Dornbusch, R. and Y. Park: 1987, ‘Korean growth policy’, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Vol. 2, pp. 389–453.Google Scholar
  13. Drewnowski, J.: 1974, On Measuring and Planning the Quality of Life (Mouton, The Hague).Google Scholar
  14. Fields, G. S.: 1980, Proverty, Inequality and Development (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge).Google Scholar
  15. Goldstein, J. S.: 1985, ‘Basic human needs: The plateau curve’, World Development, Vol. 13, pp. 595–609.Google Scholar
  16. Harbison, F. H. et al.: 1970, Quantitative Analysis of Modernization and Development (Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey).Google Scholar
  17. Hicks, N.: 1979, ‘Growth vs basic needs: Is there a trade-off?’, World Development, Vol. 7, pp. 985–94.Google Scholar
  18. Hicks, N. and P. Streeten: 1979, ‘Indicators of development: The search for a basic needs yardstick’, World Development, Vol. 7, pp. 567–80.Google Scholar
  19. Horn, R.: 1980, ‘Social indicators: meaning, methods and applications’, International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 7, No. 8, pp. 420–60.Google Scholar
  20. Hsaio, F. S. T. et al.: 1983, ‘Some development indicators of Taiwan: A comparative study’, Journal of Economic Development, July, pp. 45–58.Google Scholar
  21. ILO: 1977, The Basic Needs Approach to Development: Some Issues Regarding Concepts and Methodology (Geneva).Google Scholar
  22. Isenman, P.: 1980a, ‘Inter-country comparison of ‘Real’ (PPP) incomes: Revised estimates and unresolved question’, World development, Vol. 8, pp. 61–72.Google Scholar
  23. Isenman, P. (1980b), ‘Basic needs: The case of Sri Lanka’, World Development, Vol. 8, pp. 237–258.Google Scholar
  24. Islam, I. and H. Khan: 1988, ‘Poverty and basic needs indicators: The Indonesian case’, The South East Asian Economic Review, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 75–96.Google Scholar
  25. Islam, I. and C. Kirkpatrick: 1986, ‘Export-led development, labour-market conditions and the distribution of income: The case of Singapore’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 10, pp. 113–27.Google Scholar
  26. Kakwani, N.: 1980, Income Inequality and Poverty: Methods of Estimation and Policy Applications (Oxford University Press, London).Google Scholar
  27. Khan, H.: 1979, International Comparisons of Socioeconomic Development: A Quantitative Approach, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation (University of New South Wales, Australia).Google Scholar
  28. Khan, H.: 1986, Socioeconomic Development of ASEAN: An International Perspective (Chopmen, Singapore).Google Scholar
  29. Khan, H. and J. Zerby: 1985, ‘Socio-economic progress in Australia and New Zealand during 1970–80: A comparative study’, Paper presented at 14th Conference of Economists, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, 13–17 May.Google Scholar
  30. Khan, H. and J. Zerby: 1987, ‘Agricultural development, industrialisation, and basic needs fulfillment: A taxonomic approach’, in M. Bellamy and B. Greenshields (eds.), Agriculture and Economic Stability (Gower, London), pp. 254–62.Google Scholar
  31. Khan, H. and J. Zerby: 1988, ‘Relationship between technological change and social development: A comparative study’, in C. Tisdell and P. Maitra, (eds.), Technological Change, Development and the Environment (Routledge, London), pp. 166–87.Google Scholar
  32. Kravis, I. B.: 1970, ‘Trade as a handmaiden of growth — similarities between the 19th and 20th centuries’, Economic journal, Vol. 80, No. 320, pp. 850–72.Google Scholar
  33. Kravis, I. B. et al.: 1978a, United Nations International Comparison Project: Phase II: International Comparisons of Real Product and Purchasing Power (Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore).Google Scholar
  34. Kravis, I. B. et al.: 1978b, ‘Real GDP per capita for more than one hundred countries’, Economic Journal, June, pp. 215–242.Google Scholar
  35. Lal, D. and S. Rajapatirana: 1987, ‘Foreign trade regimes and economic growth in developing countries’, The World Bank Research Observer, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 189–217.Google Scholar
  36. Lall, S.: 1978, ‘Transnationals, domestic enterprises and industrial structure in host LDCs: A survey’, Oxford Economic Papers, July, pp. 217–248.Google Scholar
  37. Larson, D. A. and W. T. Wilford: 1979, ‘The physical quality of life index: A useful social indicator?’,World Development, Vol. 7, pp. 581–84.Google Scholar
  38. Leipziger, D. M. and M. A. Lewis: 1980, ‘Social indicators, growth and distribution’, World Development, Vol. 8, pp. 299–302.Google Scholar
  39. Mansfield, E.: 1986, Industrial research and technological innovation (Norton, New York).Google Scholar
  40. McGranahan, D. V.: 1972, ‘Development indicators and development models’, Journal of Development Studies, April, pp. 91–102.Google Scholar
  41. McGranahan, D. V., et al.: 1972, Contents and Measurements of Socioeconomic Development, A UNRISD Staff Study (Praeger Publishers, New York).Google Scholar
  42. McGranahan, D. V. et al.: 1985, Measurement and Analysis of Socioeconomic Development, UNRISD (Geneva).Google Scholar
  43. Morawetz, D.: 1977, ‘Twenty five years of economic development’, Finance and Development, September.Google Scholar
  44. Nordhaus, W. D. and J. Tobin: 1973, ‘Is growth obsolete?’ in Moss, M. (ed.) The Measurement of Economic and Social Performance (National Bureau of Economic Research, New York), pp. 509–32.Google Scholar
  45. OECD: 1973, List of Social Concerns Common to Most OECD Countries, OECD Social Indicator Development Programme (Paris).Google Scholar
  46. OECD: 1977, Socio-Economic Typologies (Paris).Google Scholar
  47. ODC: 1977, The United States and World Development: Agenda for 1977 (Praeger, New York).Google Scholar
  48. Othick, J.: 1983, ‘Development indicators and the historical study of human welfare: Towards a new perspective’, Journal of Economic History, March, pp. 63–70.Google Scholar
  49. Pyatt, G. and J. I. Round: 1977, ‘Social accounting matrices for development planning’, Review of Income and Wealth, Series 23, No. 1, March 1977, pp. 339–64.Google Scholar
  50. Ram, R.: 1982a, ‘International inequality in the basic needs indicators’, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 10, pp. 113–17.Google Scholar
  51. Ram, R.: 1982b, ‘Composite indices of physical quality of life basic needs fulfillment, and income: A ‘principal component’ representation’, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 11, pp. 227–47.Google Scholar
  52. Ram, R.: 1985, ‘The role of real income level and income distribution in fulfillment of basic needs’, World Development, Vol. 13, pp. 589–94.Google Scholar
  53. Ruttan, V.: 1982, ‘Agricultural Research Policy (University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis).Google Scholar
  54. Sahn, D. E.: 1987, ‘Changes in the living standards of the poor in Sri Lanka during a period of macroeconomic restructuring’, World Development, Vol. 15, No. 6, pp. 809–30.Google Scholar
  55. Salter, W.: 1960, Productivity and Technical Changes (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge).Google Scholar
  56. Seers, D.: 1972, ‘What are we trying to measure?’, Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 21–36.Google Scholar
  57. Sen, A. K.: 1981, ‘Public action and the quality of life in developing countries’, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 43, No. 4, pp. 287–319.Google Scholar
  58. Silber, J.: 1983, ‘ELL (The Equivalent Length of Life) or another attempt at measuring development’, World Development, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 21–9.Google Scholar
  59. Stewart, F. and J. James: 1982, The Economics of New Technology in Developing Countries (Frances Printer, London).Google Scholar
  60. Streeten, P. and S. J. Burki: 1978, ‘Basic Needs: Some Issues’, World Development, March, Vol. 6, pp. 411–21.Google Scholar
  61. Streeten, P.: 1980, ‘Basic needs in the year 2000’, Pakistan Development Review, Summer, Vol. 19, pp. 129–41.Google Scholar
  62. Streeten, P.: 1981, First Things First: Meeting Basic Needs in Developing Countries (Oxford University Press, London).Google Scholar
  63. Teitel, S.: 1987, ‘Science and technology indicators, country size and economic development: An international comparison’, World Development, Vol. 15, No. 9, pp. 1225–235.Google Scholar
  64. UN: 1975a, Developing Countries and Levels of Development, Economic and Social Council, Committee for Development Planning, 15 October (New York).Google Scholar
  65. UN: 1975b, Towards a System of Social and Demographic Statistics, Studies in Methods, Series F, No. 18 (New York).Google Scholar
  66. UNESCO: 1974, Social Indicators: Problems of Definition and Selection, Report No. 30 (Paris).Google Scholar
  67. UNESCO: 1976, The Use of Socio-economic indicators in Development Planning, UNESCO Press, Paris.Google Scholar
  68. UNRISD: 1978, 1979, Measurement and Analysis of Progress at the Local Level, Vols. I, II, III (Geneva).Google Scholar
  69. Wheeler, D.: 1980, ‘Basic needs fulfillment and economic growth: A simultaneous model’, Journal of Development Economics, December, Vol. 7, pp. 435–51.Google Scholar
  70. World Bank: 1987, Korea: Managing the Industrial Transition, Vols. 1 and II (Washington, DC).Google Scholar
  71. Zerby, J. and H. Khan: 1979, ‘Selection and weighting of attributes in cluster analysis: An economic development example’, Department of Economics (Discussion Paper) (University of NewSouth Wales, Australia).Google Scholar
  72. Zerby, J. and H. Khan: 1984, ‘A comparison of multivariate methods for indexing socioeconomic development’, Singapore Economic Review, Vol. 29, April, pp. 47–66.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Habibullah Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Economics and StatisticsNational University of SingaporeKent RidgeSingapore

Personalised recommendations