Advertisement

Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 233–238 | Cite as

Song repertoires and sexual selection in the Red-winged Blackbird

  • K. Yasukawa
  • J. L. Blank
  • C. B. Patterson
Article

Summary

The female choice and male-male competition hypotheses for the evolution of song repertoires were tested by studying repertoire size, pairing success, reproductive experience, and territory size in the Red-winged Blackbird. Analysis of these variables produced the following results:
  1. 1)

    Male Red-winged Blackbirds with large song repertoires were more experienced and acquired more females than those with small repertoires.

     
  2. 2)

    The apparent preference of female redwings for males with large repertoires was an indirect consequence of the correlation between repertoire size and amount of reproductive experience.

     
  3. 3)

    Examination of males lacking reproductive experience indicated that large repertoires confer an advantage in competition for territories, and that females prefer males defending superior territories.

     

These results are consistent with the hypothesis that song repertoires in the Red-winged Blackbird evolved in response to male-male competition.

Keywords

Indirect Consequence Defend Sexual Selection Female Choice Territory Size 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barnard WH (1979) Nesting ecology of the Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus). Unpublished PhD dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IndianaGoogle Scholar
  2. Howard RD (1974) The influence of sexual selection and interspecific competition on mockingbird song. Evolution 28:428–438Google Scholar
  3. Krebs JR (1977a) The significance of song repertoires: the Beau Geste hypothesis. Anim Behav 25:475–478Google Scholar
  4. Krebs JR (1977b) Song and territory defense in the Great Tit. In: Stonehouse B, Perrins CM (eds) Evolutionary ecology. Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Krebs JR, Ashcroft R, Webber M (1978) Song repertoires and territory defense in the Great Tit. Nature 271:539–542Google Scholar
  6. Kroodsma DE (1976) Reproductive development in a female songbird: differential stimulation by quality of male song. Science 192:574–575Google Scholar
  7. Kroodsma DE (1979) Vocal dueling among male marsh wrens: evidence for ritualized expressions of dominance/subordinance. Auk 96:506–515Google Scholar
  8. Marler P, Mundinger P, Waser MS, Lutjen A (1972) Effects of acoustical stimulation and deprivation on song development in Red-winged Blackbirds (Agelaius pheoniceus). Anim Behav 20:586–606Google Scholar
  9. Nottebohm F, Nottebohm ME (1978) Relationship between song repertoire and age in the Canary, Serinus canarius. Z Tierpsychol 46:298–305Google Scholar
  10. Patterson CB (1979) Relative parental investment in the Red-winged Blackbird. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IndianaGoogle Scholar
  11. Payne RB (1979) Sexual selection and intersexual differences in variance of breeding success. Am Nat 114:447–452Google Scholar
  12. Peek FW (1971) Seasonal change in the breeding behavior of the male Red-winged Blackbird. Wilson Bull 83, 383–395 (1971)Google Scholar
  13. Rice JO, Thompson WL (1968) Song development in the Indigo Bunting. Anim Behav 16:462–469Google Scholar
  14. Searey WA (1979) Female choice of mates: a general model for birds and its application to Red-winged Blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus). Am Nat 114:77–100Google Scholar
  15. Searcy WA, Yasukawa K (to be published) Does the sexy son hypothesis apply to mate choice in Red-winged Blackbirds? Am NatGoogle Scholar
  16. Selander RK (1972) Sexual selection and dimorphism in birds. In: Campbell BG (ed) Sexual selection and the descent of man 1871–1971. Aldine, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  17. Siegel S (1956) Nonparametric statistics for the behavioral sciences. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Smith DG (1972) The role of the epaulets in the Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) social system. Behaviour 41:251–268Google Scholar
  19. Smith DG (1979) Male singing ability and territory integrity in Red-winged Blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus). Behaviour 68:193–206Google Scholar
  20. Smith DG, Reid FA (1979) Roles of the song repertoire in Red-winged Blackbirds. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 5:279–290Google Scholar
  21. Verner J (1963) Song rates and polygamy in the long-billed marsh wren. Hickey J (ed). Proc 13th Int Ornithol Congr, pp 299–307Google Scholar
  22. Weatherhead PJ, Robertson RJ (1977) Male behavior and female recruitment in the Red-winged Blackbird. Wilson Bull 89:583–592Google Scholar
  23. Yasukawa K (1977) Male quality in the Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius pheoniceus). Unpublished PhD dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IndianaGoogle Scholar
  24. Yasukawa K (1979) Territory establishment in Red-winged Blackbirds: importance of aggressive behavior and experience. Condor 81:258–264Google Scholar
  25. Yasukawa K (to be published) Song repertoires in the Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus): A test of the Beau Geste hypothesis. Anim BehavGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Yasukawa
    • 1
  • J. L. Blank
    • 2
  • C. B. Patterson
    • 3
  1. 1.The Rockefeller University Field Research CenterMillbrookUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of BiologyUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA

Personalised recommendations