Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 637–644 | Cite as

Langmuir-Blodgett-films of photochromic polyglutamates

II. Synthesis and spreading behaviour of photochromic polyglutamates with alkylspacers and -tails of different length
  • H. Menzel
  • B. Weichart
  • M. L. Hallensleben


Polyglutamates bearing azobenzene derivatives covalently bound to the main chain via spacers and equipped with alkyl tails of different length have been synthesized. In the polymers the chromophore can be isomerized to high extent by irradiation with UV-light. The polymers can be spread on a LANGMUIR trough. The spreading behaviour is different for irradiated and non irradiated samples, indicating a different arrangement depending on the content of cis-isomer. The films are less stable for longer spacers and smaller tails, caused by the better interaction of the azobenzene groups due to the greater mobility and minor hindrance.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. /1/.
    W. Hickel, G. Duda., G. Wegner, W. Knoll, Makromol. Chem., Rapid Commun. 10, 353 (1989)Google Scholar
  2. /2/.
    M. Sawodny, A. Schmidt, C. Urban, H. Ringsdorf, W. Knoll, Makromol. Chem., Macromol. Symp. 46, 217 (1991)Google Scholar
  3. /3/.
    G. Duda, A.J. Schouten, T. Arndt, G. Lieser, G.F. Schmidt, C. Bubeck, G. Wegner, Thin Solid Films 159, 221 (1988)Google Scholar
  4. /4/.
    E. Orthmann, G. Wegner, Makromol. Chem., Rapid Commun. 7, 243 (1986)Google Scholar
  5. /5/.
    E. Orthmann, G. Wegner, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Eng. 25, 1105 (1986)Google Scholar
  6. /6/.
    F. Embs, D. Funhoff, A. Laschewski, U. Licht, H. Ohst, W. Prass, H. Ringsdorf, G. Wegner, R. Wehrmann, Adv. Mater. 3, 25 (1991)Google Scholar
  7. /7/.
    G. Duda, G. Wegner, Makromol. Chem., Rapid Commun. 9, 495 (1988)Google Scholar
  8. /8/.
    H. Menzel, M.L. Hallensleben, Polym. Bull. 27, 89 (1991)Google Scholar
  9. /9/.
    M.L. Hallensleben, H. Menzel, Br. Polym. J. 23, 199 (1990)Google Scholar
  10. /10/.
    E.J. Fischer, J. Phys. Chem. 71, 3704 (1967)Google Scholar
  11. /11/.
    F. Takeda, M. Matsumoto, T. Takenaka, Y. Fujiyoshi, J. Coll. Interf. Sci. 84, 220 (1981)Google Scholar
  12. /12/.
    B.R. Malcom, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 305, 363 (1968)Google Scholar
  13. /13/.
    J.P. Rabe, Adv. Mater. 2, 100 (1990)Google Scholar
  14. /14/.
    J. Feijen, W.L. Sederel, K. DeGroot, A.C. DeVisser, A. Bantjes, Makromol. Chem. 175, 3193 (1974)Google Scholar
  15. /15/.
    W.D. Fuller, M.S. Verlander, M. Goodmann, Biopolymers 15, 1869 (1976)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Menzel
    • 1
  • B. Weichart
    • 1
  • M. L. Hallensleben
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Makromolekulare ChemieUniversität HannoverHannover 1Federal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations