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Acta Neuropathologica

, Volume 82, Issue 5, pp 331–339 | Cite as

Galactosialidosis: neuropathological findings in a case of the late-infantile type

  • K. Oyanagi
  • E. Ohama
  • K. Miyashita
  • H. Yoshino
  • T. Miyatake
  • M. Yamazaki
  • F. Ikuta
Regular Papers

Summary

The neuropathological findings in a 13-year-old Japanese male showing decrease of sialidase and β-galactosidase activities are reported. The patient was the product of normal pregnancy to consanguineous parents. He started to sit at 8 months, stand at 20 months and walk at the age of 2; mental retardation, visual disturbance, cerebellar ataxia, myoclonus and epilepsy developed by the age of 10, and he died at 13. Neuropathological investigation revealed neuronal loss and storage. Severe loss of neurons was observed in the thalamus, globus pallidus, lateral geniculate body, gracile nucleus, Purkinje and retinal ganglion cells. Marked ballooning was seen in the Betz cells and neurons in the basal forebrain, the motor neurons in the cranial nerve nuclei and spinal cord, and in the trigeminal and spinal ganglia. The storage material varied in staining from region to region and from neuron to neuron. Electron microscopic investigation revealed a variety of intracytoplasmic and intranuclear inclusions: membranous cytoplasmic bodies, parallel, wavy-lamellar or tortuous tubular structures, lipofuscin-like irregular-shaped pleomorphic bodies, and cytoplasmic vacuoles with fine granules and lamellar materials. The severity of the neuronal loss did not seem to correlate with the amount of the storage materials, but with the presence of tortuous tubular inclusion.

Key words

Galactosialidosis Neuronal storage disease Neuropathology Ultrastructure Neuronal loss 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Oyanagi
    • 1
  • E. Ohama
    • 2
  • K. Miyashita
    • 3
  • H. Yoshino
    • 3
  • T. Miyatake
    • 3
  • M. Yamazaki
    • 3
  • F. Ikuta
    • 2
  1. 1.The Center for Materials of Brain DiseasesNiigata UniversityNiigataJapan
  2. 2.the Department of Pathology, Brain Research InstituteNiigata UniversityNiigataJapan
  3. 3.the Department of Neurology, Brain Research InstituteNiigata UniversityNiigataJapan

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