Advertisement

Chromosoma

, Volume 90, Issue 3, pp 229–237 | Cite as

Chromosome relationships in the genus Salmo

  • S. E. Hartley
  • M. T. Horne
Article

Abstract

Chromosome numbers and polymorphisms in rainbow trout, Atlantic salmon, and brown trout are described. The karyotypes of these three species are compared with each other and with those of other salmonid fish from the genera Salmo, Salvelinus, and Oncorhynchus. Karyotype evolution from a postulated ancestral tetraploid is discussed.

Keywords

Developmental Biology Rainbow Trout Chromosome Number Atlantic Salmon Brown Trout 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abe S, Muramoto JI (1974) Differential staining of chromosomes of two salmonoid species, Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas) and Salvelinus malma (Walbaum). Proc Jpn Acad 50:507–511Google Scholar
  2. Barsiene JV (1978) Ontogenetic variability of the chromosome number in the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Genetika 14:2029–2036Google Scholar
  3. Barsiene JV (1981) Intercellular polymorphism of chromosome sets in the Atlantic salmon. Tsitologiya 23:1053–1059Google Scholar
  4. Beamish RJ, Miller RR (1977) Cytotaxonomic study of gila trout, Salmo gilae. J Fish Res Bd Can 34:1041–1045Google Scholar
  5. Capanna E, Cataudella S, deFronza TG (1973) Some remarks on the karyotype of an intergeneric hybrid, Salmo trutta x Salvelinus fontinalis (Pisces, Salmoniformes). Genetica 44:194–206Google Scholar
  6. Davisson MT, Wright JE, Atherton LM (1973) Cytogenetic analysis of pseudolinkage of LDH loci in the teleost genus Salvelinus. Genetics 73:645–658Google Scholar
  7. Dorofeeva EA (1967) Chromosome complexes of Salmo ischchan Kessler in connection with the karyotaxonomy of Salmonidae. Zool Zh 46:248–253Google Scholar
  8. Fukuoka H (1972a) Chromosome variations in the rainbow trout, (Salmo gairdneri irideus (Gibbons)). Jpn J Genet 47:455–458Google Scholar
  9. Fukuoka H (1972b) Chromosomes of the sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka). Jpn J Genet 47:459–464Google Scholar
  10. Gold JR (1977) Systematics of western North American trout (Salmo) with notes on the redband trout of Sheepheaven Creek, California. Can J Zool 55:1858–1873Google Scholar
  11. Gold JR, Gall GAE (1975) Chromosome cytology and polymorphism in the California High Sierra golden trout (Salmo aguabonita). Can J Genet Cytol 17:41–53Google Scholar
  12. Gold JR, Avise JC, Gall GAE (1977) Chromosome cytology in the cutthroat trout series Salmo clarkii (Salmonoideae). Cytologia 42:377–382Google Scholar
  13. Gorshkov SA, Gorshkova GV (1981) Chromosome polymorphism of the pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walb). Tsitologiya 23:954–960Google Scholar
  14. Hartley SE, Horne MT (1982) Chromosome polymorphism in the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri Richardson). Chromosoma 87:461–468Google Scholar
  15. Hartley SE, Horne MT (1983) A method for obtaining mitotic figures from blood leucocyte cultures of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). J Fish Biol 22:77–82Google Scholar
  16. Hartley SE, Horne MT (1984a) Chromosome polymorphism and constitutive heterochromatin in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Chromosoma 89:377–380Google Scholar
  17. Hartley SE, Horne MT (1984b) Cytogenetic techniques in fish genetics. J Fish Biol (Submitted)Google Scholar
  18. de Jong CMB (1955) Cytological studies on Salmo irideus. Genetica 27:472–483Google Scholar
  19. Kaidanova TL (1974) A study of chromosomal polymorphism in the population of rainbow (Salmo irideus G.) and brown (Salmo trutta m. fario) trouts. Izv Gosniorkh 97:155–158Google Scholar
  20. Kaidanova TL (1975) A karyotype study in the brown trout Salmo trutta m. fario L. from the Ropsha population. Vopr Ikhtiol 15:1007–1012Google Scholar
  21. Kulikova NI (1971) Intraspecific variability of karyotypes of the chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta (Walb)). J Ichthyol 11:977–983Google Scholar
  22. Lee GM, Wright JE (1981) Mitotic and meiotic analysis of brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis. J Hered 72:321–327Google Scholar
  23. Levan A, Fredga K, Sandberg AA (1964) Nomenclature for centromeric position on chromosomes. Hereditas 52:201–220Google Scholar
  24. Loudenslager EJ, Thorgaard GH (1979) Karyotypic and evolutionary relationships of the Yellowstone (Salmo clarkii bouvieri) and westslope (S.c. lewisi) cutthroat trout. J Fish Res Bd Can 36:630–635Google Scholar
  25. Miller RR (1972) Classification of the native trouts of Arizona with the description of a new speices, Salmo apache. Copeia 1972:(3) 401–422Google Scholar
  26. Muramoto J, Azumi J, Fukuoka H (1974) Karyotypes of nine species of Salmonidae. Chrom Inf Serv 17:20–23Google Scholar
  27. Nygren A, Nilsson B, Jahnke M (1971) Cytological studies in Salmo trutta and Salmo alpinus. Hereditas 67:259–268Google Scholar
  28. Ohno S (1970a) The enormous diversity in genome sizes of fish as a reflection of nature's extensive experiments with gene duplication. Trans Am Fish Soc 99:120–130Google Scholar
  29. Ohno S (1970b) Evolution by gene duplication. Springer-VerlagGoogle Scholar
  30. Ohno S (1974) Animal cytogenetics Vol 4: Chordata I. Protochordata, cyclostomata and pisces. BorntraegerGoogle Scholar
  31. Ohno S, Stenius C, Faisst E, Zenzes MT (1965) Post-zygotic chromosomal rearrangements in rainbow trout (Salmo irideus Gibbons). Cytogenetics 4:117–129Google Scholar
  32. Ohno S, Muramoto J, Klein J, Atkin NB (1969) Diploid-tetraploid relationship in clupeoid and salmonoid fish. In: Darlington CD, Lewis KR (eds) Chromosomes today vol 2. Oliver & Boyd, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  33. Phillips RB, Zajicek KD (1982) Q-band polymorphisms in lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush). Genetics 101:227–234Google Scholar
  34. Raicu P, Taisescu E (1977) Cytogenetic study in Salmo irideus and S. trutta fario. Cytologia 42:311–314Google Scholar
  35. Roberts FL (1968) Chromosomal polymorphisms in North American landlocked Salmo salar. Can J Genet Cytol 10:865–875Google Scholar
  36. Roberts FL (1970) Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) chromosomes and speciation. Trans Am Fish Soc 99:105–111Google Scholar
  37. Simon RC (1963) Chromosome morphology and species evolution in the five North American species of Pacific salmon (Onchorhynchus). J Morph 112:77–95Google Scholar
  38. Simon RC, Dollar AM (1963) Cytological aspects of speciation in two North American teleosts, Salmo gairdneri and Salmo clarkii lewisi. Can J Genet Cytol 5:43–49Google Scholar
  39. Sumner AT (1972) A simple technique for demonstrating centromeric heterochromatin. Exp Cell Res 75:304–306Google Scholar
  40. Thorgaard GH (1976) Robertsonian polymorphism and constitutive heterochromatin distribution in chromosomes of the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). Cytogenet Cell Genet 17:174–184Google Scholar
  41. Thorgaard GH (1978) Sex chromosomes in the sockeye salmon: a Y-autosome fusion. Can J Genet Cytol 20:349–354Google Scholar
  42. Thorgaard GH (1983) Chromosomal differences among rainbow trout populations. Copeia 1983 (3):650–662Google Scholar
  43. Ueda T, Ojima Y (1983) Geographic and chromosomal polymorphisms in the Iwana (Salvelinus leucomaenis). Proc Jpn Acad Ser B 59:259–262Google Scholar
  44. Ueda T, Ojima Y, Kato T, Fukuda Y (1983) Chromosomal polymorphisms in the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). Proc Jpn Acad Ser B 59:168–171Google Scholar
  45. Uyeno T (1972) Chromosomes and offspring resulting from crossing Coho salmon and brook trout. Jpn J Ichthyol 19:166–171Google Scholar
  46. Vasil'ev VB (1975) Karyotypes of different forms of the Kamchatka trout Salmo mykiss Walbaum and steelhead Salmo gairdneri Richardson. Vop Ikhtiol 15:889–900Google Scholar
  47. White MJD (1973) Animal Cytology and Evolution. 3rd edition Publ Cambridge Univ PressGoogle Scholar
  48. Wright JE (1955) Chromosome numbers in trout. Prog Fish Cult 17:2–176Google Scholar
  49. Zenzes MT, Voiculescu I (1975) C-banding patterns in Salmo trutta, a species of tetraploid origin. Genetica 45:531–536Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. E. Hartley
    • 1
  • M. T. Horne
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological ScienceUniversity of StirlingStirlingScotland

Personalised recommendations