Advertisement

Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 253–259 | Cite as

Division of labor between scouts and recruits in honeybee foraging

  • Thomas D. Seeley
Article

Summary

The proportion of a honeybee colony's foragers which locate forage patches by independent scouting, as opposed to following recruitment dances, varies between about 5 and 35%, depending on forage availability. Experienced foragers scout more than do novice foragers. The cost of finding a forage patch is greater for recruits than scouts, but the patches found by recruits are evidently superior to those found by scouts. The honeybee's combined system of recruitment communication, scout-recruit division of labor, and selectivity in recruitment, apparently enhances a colony's overall foraging efficiency by guiding a large majority of a colony's foragers to good forage patches.

Keywords

Large Majority Combine System Forage Availability Honeybee Colony Good Forage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bayer RD (1982) How important are bird colonies as information centers? Auk 99:31–40Google Scholar
  2. Boch R (1956) Die Tänze der Bienen bei nahen und fernen Trachtquellen. Z Vergl Physiol 38:136–167Google Scholar
  3. Butler CG (1945) The influence of various physical and biological factors of theenvironment on honeybee activity and nectar concentration and abundance. J Exp Biol 20:65–73Google Scholar
  4. Esch HA, Bastian JA (1970) How do newly recruited honey bees approach a food site? Z Vergl Physiol 68:175–181Google Scholar
  5. Fisher J (1954) Evolution and bird sociality. In: Huxley JS, Hardy AC, Ford EB (ed) Evolution as a process. Alten and Unwin, London, pp 71–83Google Scholar
  6. Frisch K von (1923) Über die “Sprache” der Bienen, eine tierpsychologische Untersuchung. Zool Jahrb Abt Allg Zool Physiol Tiere 40:1–186Google Scholar
  7. Frisch K von (1967) The dance language and orientation of bees. Harvard University Press, Cambridge (Massachusetts)Google Scholar
  8. Fukuda H, Moriga K, Sekiguchi K (1969) The weight of crop contents in foraging honeybee workers. Ann Zool Jpn 42:80–90Google Scholar
  9. Gould JL (1976) The dance-language controversy. Q Rev Biol 51:211–244Google Scholar
  10. Heinrich B (1976) Bumblebee foraging and the economics of sociality. Am Sci 64:384–395Google Scholar
  11. Heinrich B (1979) Bumblebee economics. Harvard University Press, Cambridge (Massachusetts)Google Scholar
  12. Heinrich B (1980) Mechanisms of body-temperature regulation in honeybees, Apis mellifera. II. Regulation of thoracic temperature at high air temperatures. J Exp Biol 85:73–87Google Scholar
  13. Kammer AE, Heinrich B (1978) Insect flight metabolism. Adv Insect Physiol 13:133–228Google Scholar
  14. Kleiber M (1961) The fire of life: an introduction to animal energetics. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Krebs JR (1974) Colonial nesting and social feeding as strategies for exploiting food resources in the great blue heron (Ardea herodias). Behaviour 51:99–134Google Scholar
  16. Lindauer M (1952) Ein Beitrag zur Frage der Arbeitsteilung im Bienenstaat. Z Vergl Physiol 34:299–345Google Scholar
  17. Lindauer M (1954) Temperaturregulierung und Wasserhaushalt im Bienenstaat. Z Vergl Physiol 36:391–432Google Scholar
  18. Mautz D (1971) Der Kommunikationseffekt der Schwänzeltänze bei Apis mellifica carnica (Pollm.). Z Vergl Physiol 172:197–220Google Scholar
  19. Meyer WH, Plusnin BA (1945) The Yale Forest in Tolland and Windham Counties, Connecticut. Yale Univ School For Bull 55:1–126Google Scholar
  20. Michener CD (1974) The social behavior of the bees. A comparative study. Harvard University Press, Cambridge (Massachusetts)Google Scholar
  21. Oettingen-Spielberg T zu (1949) Über das Wesen der Suchbiene. Z Vergl Physiol 31:454–489Google Scholar
  22. Oster GF, Wilson EO (1978) Caste and ecology in the social insects. Princeton University Press, Princeton (New Jersey)Google Scholar
  23. Otis GW (1982) Weights of worker honeybees in swarms. J Apic Res 21:88–92Google Scholar
  24. Seeley TD (1977) Measurement of nest cavity volume by the honey bee (Apis mellifera). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 2:201–227Google Scholar
  25. Seeley TD, Seeley RH, Akratanakul P (1982) Colony defense strategies of the honeybees in Thailand. Ecol Monogr 52:43–63Google Scholar
  26. Sokal RR, Rohlf FJ (1969) Biometry. Freeman, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  27. Southwick EE, Loper GM, Sadwick SE (1981) Nectar production, composition, energetics and pollinator attractiveness in spring flowers of western New York. Am J Bot 68:994–1002Google Scholar
  28. Visscher PK, Seeley TD (1982) Foraging strategy of honeybee colonies in a temperate deciduous forest. Ecology 63:1790–1801Google Scholar
  29. Ward P (1965) Feeding ecology of the black-faced dioch Quelea quelea in Nigeria. Ibis 107:173–214Google Scholar
  30. Ward P, Zahavi A (1973) The importance of certain assemblages of birds as “information-centres” for food-finding. Ibis 115:517–534Google Scholar
  31. Zahavi A (1971) The function of pre-roost gatherings and communal roosts. Ibis 113:106–109Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas D. Seeley
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

Personalised recommendations