Diabetologia

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 522–526

A controlled trial of a high fibre, low fat and low sodium diet for mild hypertension in type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients

  • P. M. Dodson
  • P. J. Pacy
  • P. Bal
  • A. J. Kubicki
  • R. F. Fletcher
  • K. G. Taylor
Originals

Summary

Fifty hypertensive Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients were allocated, in a controlled trial, to a treatment diet of high fibre, low fat and low sodium composition, or to a control diet by the hospital dietitian. After 3 months treatment, the modified diet-treated group showed a highly significant reduction in mean systolic (180.5±19.0 to 165.0±20.7 mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure (96.6±9.3 to 88.0±10.5 mmHg), accompanied by significant reductions in urinary sodium excretion (183.0±62.1 to 121.7+ 65.8 mmol/day) glycosylated haemoglobin (12.4±3.1 to 10.5±2.9%), weight (74.6s±13.5 to 71.7±12.1 kg) and serum triglyceride levels (p<0.05). The mean values of diastolic pressure (p<0.01), urinary sodium/potassium ratio (p< 0.001), urinary potassium (p<0.01) was significantly reduced at 3 months compared to control. No changes in serum HDL-cholesterol levels were observed. The number of patients with normal blood pressure at 3 months was greater in the modified diet-treated group (ten versus five). Treatment of mild hypertension in diabetic subjects with this form of dietary regimen has a hypotensive response, with improvement in glycaemic control and no side effects. This modified diet may be an attractive alternative to anti-hypertensive drug therapy as a first line treatment.

Key words

Fibre fat sodium hypertension Type 2 diabetes 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Dodson
    • 1
  • P. J. Pacy
    • 1
  • P. Bal
    • 1
  • A. J. Kubicki
    • 1
  • R. F. Fletcher
    • 1
  • K. G. Taylor
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Diabetes and EndocrinologyDudley Road HospitalBirminghamUK

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