Molecular and General Genetics MGG

, Volume 249, Issue 1, pp 74–81

A high-resolution map of the vicinity of the R1 locus on chromosome V of potato based on RFLP and AFLP markers

  • Khalid Meksem
  • Dario Leister
  • Johan Peleman
  • Marc Zabeau
  • Francesco Salamini
  • Christiane Gebhardt
Original Paper


The R1 allele confers on potato a race-specific resistance to Phytophthora infestans. The corresponding genetic locus maps on chromosome V in a region in which several other resistance genes are also located. As part of a strategy for cloning R1, a high-resolution genetic map was constructed for the segment of chromosome V that is bordered by the RFLP loci GP21 and GP179 and includes the R1 locus. Bulked segregant analysis and markers based on amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLP markers) were used to select molecular markers closely linked to R1. Twenty-nine of approximately 3200 informative AFLP loci displayed linkage to the R1 locus. Based on the genotypic analysis of 461 gametes, eight loci mapped within the GP21–GP179 interval. Two of those could not be seperated from R1 by recombination. For genotyping large numbers of plants with respect to the flanking markers GP21 and GP179 PCR based assays were also developed which allowed marker-assisted selection of plants with genotypes Rr and rr and of recombinant plants.

Key words

Potato Phytophthora infestans Resistance Map-based cloning AFLP markers 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ballvora A, Hesselbach J, Niewöhner J, Leister D, Salamini F, Gebhardt C (1995) Marker enrichment and high-resolution map of the segment of potato chromosome VII harbouring the nematode resistance gene Gro1. Mol Gen GenetGoogle Scholar
  2. Bent AF, Kunkel BN, Dahlbeck D, Brown KL, Schmidt R, Giraudat J, Leung J, Staskawicz BJ (1994) RPS2 of Arabidopsis thaliana: a leucine-rich repeat class of plant disease resistance genes. Science 265:1856–1860Google Scholar
  3. Dower WJ, Miller JF, Ragsdale CW (1988) High efficiency transformation of E. coli by high voltage electroporation. Nucleic Acids Res 16:6127–6145Google Scholar
  4. Edwards K, Johnstone C, Thompson C (1991) A simple and rapid method for the preparation of plant genomic DNA for PCR analysis. Nucleic Acids Res 19:1349Google Scholar
  5. El-Kharbotly A, Leonards-Schippers C, Huigen DJ, Jacobsen E, Pereira A, Stiekema WJ, Salamini F, Gebhardt C (1994) Segregation analysis and RFLP mapping of the R1 and R3 alleles conferring race-specific resistance to Phytophthora infestans in progeny of dihaploid potato parents. Mol Gen Genet 242:749–754Google Scholar
  6. Gebhardt C, Ritter E, Debener T, Schachtschabel U, Walkemeier B, Uhrig H, Salamini F (1989) RFLP-analysis and linkage mapping in Solanum tuberosum. Theor Appl Genet 78:65–75Google Scholar
  7. Gebhardt C, Ritter E, Barone A, Debener T, Walkemeier B, Schachtschabel U, Kaufmann H, Thompson RD, Bonierbale MW, Ganal MW, Tanksley SD, Salamini F (1991) RFLP maps of potato and their alignment with the homoeologous tomato genome. Theor Appl Genet 83:49–57Google Scholar
  8. Gees R, Hohl HR (1988) Cytological comparison of specific (R3) and general resistance to late blight in potato leaf tissue. Phytopathology 78:350–357Google Scholar
  9. Giovannoni JJ, Wing RA, Ganal MW, Tanksley SD (1991) Isolation of molecular markers from specific chromosomal intervals using DNA pools from existing mapping populations. Nucleic Acids Res 19:6553–6558Google Scholar
  10. Hinze K, Thompson RD, Ritter E, Salamini F, Schulze-Lefert P (1991) Restriction fragment length polymorphism-mediated targeting of the ml-o resistance locus in barley (Hordeum vulgare). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 88:3691–3695Google Scholar
  11. Kreike CM, de Koning JRA, Vinke JH, van Ooijen JW, Stiekema WJ (1994) Quantitatively-inherited resistance to Globodera pallida is dominated by one major locus in Solanum spegazzinii. Theor Appl Genet 88:764–769Google Scholar
  12. Leonards-Schippers C, Gieffers W, Salamini F, Gebhardt C (1992) The R1 gene conferring race-specific resistance to Phytophthora infestans in potato is located on potato chromosome V. Mol Gen Genet 233:278–283Google Scholar
  13. Leonards-Schippers C, Gieffers W, Schäfer-Pregl R, Ritter E, Knapp SJ, Salamini F, Gebhardt C (1994) Quantitative resistance to Phytophthora infestans in potato: a case study for QTL mapping in an allogamous plant species. Genetics 137:67–77Google Scholar
  14. Malcolmson JF, Black W (1966) New R genes in Solanum demissum Lindl. and their complementary races of Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary. Euphytica 15:199–203Google Scholar
  15. Martin GB, Williams JGK, Tanksley SD (1991) Rapid identification of markers linked to a Pseudomonas resistance gene in tomato by using random primers and near isogenic lines. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 88:2336–2340Google Scholar
  16. Martin GB, Brommonschenkel SH, Chunwongse J, Frary A, Ganal MW, Spivey R, Wu T, Earle ED, Tanksley SD (1993) Map-based cloning of a protein kinase gene conferring disease resistance in tomato. Science 262:1432–1436Google Scholar
  17. Mertz LM, Rashtchian A (1994) PCR radioactive labeling system: a rapid method for synthesis of high specific activity DNA probes. Focus 16:45–48Google Scholar
  18. Michelmore RW, Paran I, Kesseli RV (1991) Identification of markers linked to disease-resistance genes by bulked segregant analysis: a rapid method to detect markers in specific genomic regions by using segregating populations. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 88:9828–9832Google Scholar
  19. Mindrinos M, Katagiri F, Yu G-L, Ausubel FM (1994) The A. thaliana disease resistance gene RPS2 encodes a protein containing a nucleotide-binding site and leucine-rich repeats. Cell 78:1089–1099Google Scholar
  20. Ritter E, Debener T, Barone A, Salamini F, Gebhardt C (1991) RFLP mapping on potato chromosomes of two genes controlling extreme resistance to potato virus X (PVX). Mol Gen Genet 227:81–85Google Scholar
  21. Saiki RK, Gelfand DH, Stoffel S, Scharf SJ, Higuchi R, Horu GT, Mullis KB, Erlich HA (1988) Primer directed enzymatic amplification of DNA with a thermostable DNA polymerase. Science 239:487–491Google Scholar
  22. Sambrook J, Fritsch EF, Maniatis T (1989) Molecular cloning: a laboratory manual. Cold Spring Harbor Press, Cold Spring Harbor, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  23. Salaman RN (1985) The history and social influence of the potato. Revised impression, Hawkes JG (ed). Cambridge University Press CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  24. Shaw DS (1991) Genetics. In:Ingram DS, Williams PH (eds) Phytophthora infestans, the cause of late blight of potato. Advances in Plant Pathology, vol 7. Academic Press, pp 131–170Google Scholar
  25. Swiezynski KM, Sieczka MT, Sujikowski LS, Zarzycka H, Zimnoch-Guzowska E (1991) Resistance to Phytophthora infestans in potato genotypes originating from wild species. Plant Breeding 107:28–38Google Scholar
  26. Tanksley SD, Ganal MW, Prince JP, de Vicente MC, Bonierbale MW, Broun P, Fulton TM, Giovannoni JJ, Grandillo S, Martin GB, Messeguer R, Miller JC, Miller L, Paterson AH, Pineda O, Röder MS, Wing RA, Wu W, Young DN (1992) High density molecular linkage maps of the tomato and potato genomes. Genetics 132:1141–1160Google Scholar
  27. Umaerus V, Umaerus M (1994) Inheritance of resistance to late blight. In: Bradshaw JE, Mackay GR (eds) Potato Genetics. CAB International, pp 365–401. Wallingford, Oxon, UKGoogle Scholar
  28. Vos P, Hogers R, Bleeker M, Reijans M, van der Lee T, Hornes M, Frijters A, Pot J, Peleman J, Kuiper M, Zabeau M (1995) AFLP: a new concept for DNA fingerprinting, Nucleic Acids Res, in pressGoogle Scholar
  29. Wastie RL (1991) Breeding for resistance. In: Ingram DS, Williams PH (eds) Phytophthora infestans, the cause of late blight of potato. Advances in Plant Pathology, vol 7. Academic Press, pp 193–223Google Scholar
  30. Williams JK, Kubelik AR, Livak KJ, Rafalski JA, Tingey SV (1991) DNA polymorphisms amplified by arbitrary primers are useful as genetic markers. Nucleic Acids Res 18:6531–6535Google Scholar
  31. Zabeau M, Vos P (1993) Selective restriction fragment amplification: a general method for DNA fingerprinting. European Patent Application, publication no.: EP 0534858-A1, No. 92402629.7Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khalid Meksem
    • 1
  • Dario Leister
    • 1
  • Johan Peleman
    • 2
  • Marc Zabeau
    • 2
  • Francesco Salamini
    • 1
  • Christiane Gebhardt
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für ZüchtungsforschungKölnGermany
  2. 2.KeyGeneAE WageningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations