Sex Roles

, Volume 27, Issue 9–10, pp 487–497 | Cite as

The relationship between gender role ideals and psychological well-being

  • Derek Grimmell
  • Gary S. Stern


Previous research on the influence of gender roles upon psychological health has found that most effects may be due to participants' levels of masculine traits alone. This study investigated whether individual gender role ideals moderate the relationship between gender roles and psychological well-being. Eighty-three psychology undergraduate students of European descent were given a battery of measures of gender role and psychological well-being. Results of analysis of these tests suggest that the degree to which participants' gender-specific traits represent met or unmet ideals is a better predictor of psychological adjustment than personal gender role alone. Results also suggest that gender roles can diminish psychological well-being by creating conflict between personal beliefs about the nature of appropriate behavior and the actual demands of life situations. Theoretical implications and future research directions are discussed.


Social Psychology Psychological Health Good Predictor Gender Role Undergraduate Student 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Derek Grimmell
    • 1
  • Gary S. Stern
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Colorado at DenverUSA

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