Sex Roles

, Volume 25, Issue 3–4, pp 225–235 | Cite as

Construct validity of a diagnostic ratio measure of gender stereotypes

  • Albert A. Cota
  • Anne Reid
  • Kenneth L. Dion


We examined the construct validity of C. L. Martin's [(1987), “A Ratio Measure of Sex Stereotyping,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 52, pp. 489–499] diagnostic ratio method for measuring consensual gender stereotypes and individual differences in gender stereotyping. This method is based on estimates that respondents make for percentages of men and women that possess gender stereotypic personality traits. Fifty-six women in introductory psychology completed a version of the diagnostic ratio measure of gender stereotypes, which consisted of eight stereotypically feminine traits and eight stereotypically masculine traits, and a measure of prescriptive beliefs about social roles of women and men. Results for consensual gender stereotypes replicated those of Martin. The psychometric properties of the measure for assessing individual differences in gender stereotyping were generally adequate for research purposes. A small but interpretable correlation was found between individual differences in gender stereotyping and individual differences in prescriptive beliefs about social roles for the sexes. The preceding findings increase confidence in Martin's procedure as a valuable measure of gender stereotypes and gender stereotyping.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albert A. Cota
    • 1
  • Anne Reid
    • 1
  • Kenneth L. Dion
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyJoyceville InstitutionKingstonCanada

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