Sex Roles

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 9–21 | Cite as

Associational ties in academe: Some male and female differences

  • Debra Renee Kaufman


Although a growing body of empirical research has examined discriminatory policies and psychological barriers to ascent for women, it has virtually ignored structural barriers. Noticeably absent are data regarding the social organization of collegial ties. An analysis of the collegial-friend relationships among academicians in this study indicates that female professors, especially unmarried, have fewer males in their collegial-friend networks than men. Whether by choice or exclusion, it is suggested that isolation from these informal collegial contacts leaves women at a professional disadvantage.


Social Organization Social Psychology Empirical Research Structural Barrier Psychological Barrier 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Debra Renee Kaufman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyNortheastern UniversityUSA

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