Sex Roles

, Volume 24, Issue 5–6, pp 365–373 | Cite as

Height differences of low and high job status, female and male corporate employees

  • Donald B. Egolf
  • Lloyd E. Corder
Article

Abstract

The heights of female and male corporate employees in management and nonmanagement positions were evaluated in two studies in order to determine if there were height differences between the two groups, and if there were any gender × job status (management or nonmanagement) interactions with respect to height. Two studies were conducted having 201 and 200 subjects respectively. Both studies used a two-factor (gender × job status) factorial design and both studies showed that managerial (high status) employees were significantly (p≤.006) taller than those occupying nonmanagement positions, regardless of gender. Possible reasons for the overall phenomenon of taller individuals occupying higher status positions are discussed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bleda, P. R., & Bleda, S. E. (1977). Attitude similarity, attraction, perception of height, and judgment of agreement. Representative Research in Social Psychology, 8, 57–61.Google Scholar
  2. Dannenmaier, W. D., & Thumin, F. J. (1964). Authority status as a factor in perceptual distortion of size. Journal of Social Psychology, 63, 361–365.Google Scholar
  3. Deck, L. P. (1968). Buying brains by the inch. The Journal of College and University Personnel Association, 19, 33–37.Google Scholar
  4. Feingold, A. (1982). Do taller men have prettier girlfriends? Psychological Reports, 50, 810.Google Scholar
  5. Frieze, I. H., Olson, J. E., & Good, D. C. (1990). Perceived and actual discrimination in the salaries of male and female managers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20, 46–67.Google Scholar
  6. Graziano, W., Brothen, T., & Berscheid, E. (1978). Height and attraction: Do men and women see eye-to-eye? Journal of Personality, 46, 128–145.Google Scholar
  7. Hensley, W. E. (1983). Gender, self-esteem and height. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 56, 235–238.Google Scholar
  8. Hensley, W. E., & Cooper, R. (1987). Height and occupational success: A review and critique. Psychological Reports, 60, 843–849.Google Scholar
  9. Humphreys, L. G., Davey, T. C., & Park, R. K. (1985). Longitudinal correlation analysis of standing height and intelligence. Child Development, 56, 1465–1478.Google Scholar
  10. Keyes, R. (1980). The height of your life. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co.Google Scholar
  11. Lechelt, E. C. (1975). Occupational affiliation and ratings of physical height and personal esteem. Psychological Reports, 36, 943–946.Google Scholar
  12. Lerner, R. M., & Moore, T. (1974). Sex and status effects on perception of physical attractiveness. Psychological Reports, 34, 1047–1050.Google Scholar
  13. Morrow, J. (1984). Deviational salience: Application to short stature and relation to perception of adolescent boys. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 59, 623–633.Google Scholar
  14. Nagoshi, C. T., & Johnson, R. C. (1987). Between-vs. within-family analyses of the correlation of height and intelligence. Social Biology, 34, 110–113.Google Scholar
  15. Prieto, A. G., & Robbins, M. C. (1975). Perceptions of height and self-esteem. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 40, 395–398.Google Scholar
  16. Tanner, J. M. (1966). Galtonian eugenics and the study of growth: The relation of body size, intelligence test score, and social circumstances in children and adults. The Eugenics Review, 58, 122–135.Google Scholar
  17. Wilson, D. M., Hammer, L. D., Duncan, P., Dornbusch, S., Ritter, P., Hintz, R., Gross, R., & Rosendfeld, R. (1986). Growth and intellectual development. Pediatrics, 78, 646–650.Google Scholar
  18. Wilson, P. R. (1968). Perceptual distortion of height as a function of ascribed academic status. The Journal of Social Psychology, 74, 97–102.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald B. Egolf
    • 1
  • Lloyd E. Corder
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CommunicationUniversity of PittsburghPittsburgh

Personalised recommendations