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Sex Roles

, Volume 20, Issue 9–10, pp 523–533 | Cite as

Gender differences in smoking behavior in a university workplace

  • J. Burger
  • M. Gochfeld
Article

Abstract

Behavioral approaches to smoking intervention benefit from an understanding of smoking behavior. We investigated gender differences in smoking behavior by observing 292 men and 648 women smoking in a university workplace. Although men smoked more cigarettes in longer break times than women, there were no gender differences in the time individual cigarettes were lit or time in the mouth. However, men inhaled significnatly more than women. The social environment differed with male smokers talking to equal numbers of men and women, while female subjects talked to more females than males while smoking. In smoking lounges, more women than men held the cigarettes near their face (38 vs. 28%). With increasing age, male smokers took longer breaks, had cigarettes lit for less time, and talked to more men, whereas with increasing age female smokers took fewer puffs and talked to fewer men. Thus men take longer breaks, smoke more cigarettes, and inhale more often than women in a university workplace setting.

Keywords

Gender Difference Smoke Social Psychology Social Environment Female Subject 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Burger
    • 1
  • M. Gochfeld
    • 2
  1. 1.Rutgers UniversityUSA
  2. 2.UMDNJ—Robert Wood Johnson Medical SchoolUSA

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