Sex Roles

, Volume 13, Issue 5–6, pp 343–356 | Cite as

The Attitudes Toward Women Scale for Adolescents (AWSA): A study of reliability and validity

  • Nancy L. Galambos
  • Anne C. Petersen
  • Maryse Richards
  • Idy B. Gitelson


This study describes the development of the Attitudes Toward Women Scale for Adolescents (AWSA), an instrument based on the short form of the Spence-Helmreich Attitudes Toward Women Scale (AWS). The AWSA has been tested in four samples of adolescents. Internal consistency estimates and test-retest stability indicated high reliability. Hypotheses formulated to test the construct validity of the scale were largely supported. AWSA permits the examination of how boys' and girls' attitudes toward women influence the life paths that adolescent girls begin to pursue.


Internal Consistency Social Psychology Construct Validity High Reliability Short Form 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy L. Galambos
    • 1
  • Anne C. Petersen
    • 1
  • Maryse Richards
    • 2
  • Idy B. Gitelson
    • 3
  1. 1.S-110 Human DevelopmentThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park
  2. 2.Loyola UniversityUSA
  3. 3.The MacArthur FoundationUSA

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