Sex Roles

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 147–159 | Cite as

Sex differences in the self-concept in adolescence

  • Florence R. Rosenberg
  • Roberta G. Simmons
Research Articles


This paper examines an aspect of the self-concept — salience of the self or self-consciousness — which has generally been neglected in the past. In an empirical study of nearly 2,000 children and adolescents, it was found that striking sex differences emerge during the adolescent period. Girls are considerably more self-conscious than boys, more vulnerable to criticism, and more concerned with promoting interpersonal harmony. Overall, adolescent girls are increasingly “people-oriented” while boys stress achievement and competence. It is suggested that these differences reflect the social definitions of sex roles.


Empirical Study Social Psychology Adolescent Girl Adolescent Period Social Definition 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florence R. Rosenberg
    • 1
  • Roberta G. Simmons
    • 2
  1. 1.The Survey Research CenterState University of New York at BuffaloBuffalo
  2. 2.University of MinnesotaUSA

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