Sex Roles

, Volume 14, Issue 11–12, pp 591–602 | Cite as

Modification of children's gender-stereotyped behavior: General issues and research considerations

  • Phyllis A. Katz


This paper reviews some recent studies that have attempted to change gender-stereotyped behavior or attitudes in children. While such efforts have often been successful, at least on a short-term basis, enough inconsistency exists to suggest that more detailed theoretical analyses are required to increase the efficacy of such modification attempts. The review suggested at least four factors that needed additional empirical and theoretical attention as factors in susceptibility to counterstereotyping manipulations. These included: (a) the child's developmental level, (b) the relationship between sex role cognitions and behavior, (c) the degree of situational consistency of gender-stereotyped behavior, and (d) the role of individual initial differences in determining modification outcomes. The importance of these factors are discussed in the context of the existing literature.


Social Psychology Theoretical Analysis General Issue Initial Difference Developmental Level 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Phyllis A. Katz
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Research on Social ProblemsBoulder

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