Sex Roles

, Volume 7, Issue 11, pp 1097–1108

A psychometric analysis of the Personal Attributes Questionnaire

  • Robert L. Helmreich
  • Janet T. Spence
  • John A. Wilhelm
Article

Abstract

The psychometric properties of the Personal Attributes Questionnaire were examined in independent samples of male and female high school students, college students, and adults. In each of the six samples a two-factor structure (masculinity/instrumentality and femininity/expressivity) paralleling the empirically derived scales was found. Additional factor analyses of negative masculine and feminine traits were reported. Discriminant analyses revealed highly significant differentiation between the sexes. The reliabilities (Cronbach alpha) of the unit-weighted scales in each sample were also satisfactory.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert L. Helmreich
    • 1
  • Janet T. Spence
    • 1
  • John A. Wilhelm
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe University of Texas at AustinAustin

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