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Sex Roles

, Volume 14, Issue 5–6, pp 335–350 | Cite as

Gender-role conflict scale: College men's fear of femininity

  • James M. O'Neil
  • Barbara J. Helms
  • Robert K. Gable
  • Laurence David
  • Lawrence S. Wrightsman
Article

Abstract

Gender-role conflict exists when gender roles have negative consequences for people. This research reports initial validity and reliability data on measures of gender-role conflict for men. Two measures, Gender Role Conflict Scale I and II (GRCS-I and GRCS-II) were constructed to assess patterns of gender-role conflict described in the literature. GRCS-I assesses men's personal gender-role attitudes, behaviors, and conflicts. GRCS-II assesses men's gender-role conflicts in specific gender-role conflict situations. Both GRCS measures and the Personal Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ) were administered to male college students (N=527). Initial factor-analytic data for GRCS-I and GRCS-II demonstrated eight meaningful factors. Acceptable test-retest and internal consistency reliabilities were found for both measures. MANOVA, ANOVA, and Tukey procedures indicated differences for subjects across the four PAQ categories. Significant gender-role conflict differences across the factors were found for men who were instrumental, expressive, or both instrumental and expressive. Results of these differences are reported, as well as implications for future development of both scales.

Keywords

Internal Consistency Gender Role Reliability Data Internal Consistency Reliability Role Conflict 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • James M. O'Neil
    • 1
  • Barbara J. Helms
    • 1
  • Robert K. Gable
    • 1
  • Laurence David
    • 2
  • Lawrence S. Wrightsman
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of ConnecticutStorrs
  2. 2.Iowa State UniversityUSA
  3. 3.University of KansasUSA

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