Sex Roles

, Volume 11, Issue 3–4, pp 315–331 | Cite as

Instructional control of sex-related motor behavior in extremely masculine or feminine adults

  • Steven C. Hayes
  • Rosemery O. Nelson
  • David L. Steele
  • Marie E. Meeler
  • David H. Barlow


The main purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which apparently sex-typed subjects manipulated behaviors on the Sex Role Motor Behavior Checklist in response to instructions to convey specific sex-role impressions. Extremely masculine and feminine males and females (10–12 per group) were assessed for their ability to change sex-related motor behavior upon request. Subjects were able to produce significant increases in masculine and feminine motor behavior, particularly in the areas of walking and sitting. Many individual behaviors, however, showed small or inconsistent changes. Apparently, many of the motor differences naturally displayed by males and females are either not consciously part of sex-typed adults' concept of given sex roles or are relatively inflexible in this population. Secondary purposes of the study were to identify specific sex-related motor behavior (a) to alter when changes in sex role seem desirable and (b) to utilize as dependent measures in measuring changes in sex role. Walking and sitting were shown to be especially important areas.


Social Psychology Dependent Measure Individual Behavior Motor Behavior Secondary Purpose 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven C. Hayes
    • 1
  • Rosemery O. Nelson
    • 1
  • David L. Steele
    • 1
  • Marie E. Meeler
    • 1
  • David H. Barlow
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina at GreensboroGreensboro
  2. 2.State University of New York at AlbanyUSA

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