Sex Roles

, Volume 11, Issue 3–4, pp 227–240 | Cite as

Life satisfaction and sex-role concept

  • Shula Shichman
  • Ellen Cooper


The purpose of the present survey study was to investigate the relationship between life satisfaction and sex-role concept. Two hundred and seventeen respondents completed a two-part questionnaire, which consisted of the Life Satisfaction Survey, designed by the authors, and the Bem Sex Role Inventory. General satisfaction with life was found to be a function of the level of satisfaction derived from various aspects of life, particularly aspects chosen as the most important. Consistent with previous studies, general satisfaction with life is positively associated with education level, income level, and being married. In contrast to previous findings, age is not negatively correlated with overall satisfaction, and a significant difference between males and females showed up. As predicted, sex-role concept was found to be a useful construct in explaining the differential importance of various domains of life as well as the relative contribution of those domains to the individual's overall satisfaction with life. Psychologically masculine people choose as important and enjoy more the instrumental aspects of life; psychologically feminine people choose as important and enjoy more the socioemotional aspects of life; psychologically androgynous people choose as important and enjoy more both the instrumental and socioemotional aspects of life.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shula Shichman
    • 1
  • Ellen Cooper
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social PsychologyTeachers College Columbia UniversityNew York

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