The etiology of children's stereotypes about sex differences in emotionality
- Cite this article as:
- Birnbaum, D.W. & Croll, W.L. Sex Roles (1984) 10: 677. doi:10.1007/BF00287379
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Contemporary preschool-aged children have pronounced sex-role stereotypes about emotionality. They feel that anger is a male characteristic, while fear, sadness, and happiness are female characteristics. Four studies investigated several possible sources of these stereotypes, including parental stereotypes, parental reinforcement practices, television programming, and actual sex-differences in emotionality. The results suggest that each of these sources may potentially contribute to children's stereotypes about emotionality.