Sex Roles

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 367–380 | Cite as

Female and male attitudes toward life: Implications for theories of mental health

  • Carolyn S. Morgan


In an attempt to better understand the ways in which females and males perceive their sociopsychological condition, the relationship of 12 independent variables to “satisfaction with life” is investigated using multivariate analysis. The analysis is premised on the assumption that a relationship may exist between differential feelings of life satisfaction of females and males and the known variations in mental health rates between the sexes. Data come from a national survey of 2,164 adults. The dependent variable is derived by factor analyzing semantic differential scales in which respondents select adjectives best describing their lives. Although a sharp difference by sex exists regarding satisfaction with life (36.1% of the males compared to only 13.5% females report high satisfaction), a high degree of congruence is found between the sexes in the variables contributing to life satisfaction: work satisfaction, personal competence, age, and marital adjustment index.


Mental Health Multivariate Analysis Life Satisfaction Social Psychology National Survey 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolyn S. Morgan
    • 1
  1. 1.University of OklahomaUSA

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