Molecular and General Genetics MGG

, Volume 242, Issue 5, pp 566–572 | Cite as

Binding of ArsR, the repressor of the Staphylococcus xylosus (pSX267) arsenic resistance operon to a sequence with dyad symmetry within the ars promoter

  • Ralf Rosenstein
  • Klaus Nikoleit
  • Friedrich Götz
Original Articles


arsR, the first gene of the Staphylococcus xylosus (pSX267) arsenic/antimonite resistance (rs) operon encodes a negative regulatory protein, ArsR, which mediates inducibility of the resistances by arsenic and antimony compounds. ArsR, which has no obvious DNA-binding motif in its primary structure, was purified from an ArsR-overproducing Escherichia coli strain and identified as a DNA-binding protein by its behaviour in gel mobility shift assays. ArsR had a specific affinity for a 312 by DNA restriction fragment carrying the ars promoter; the minimum sequence complexed by ArsR was a 75 by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fragment, which mainly comprised the −35 and −10 regions of the promoter. The effect of inducers on the DNA-binding activity of ArsR was examined by in vitro induction assays; only arsenite inhibited DNA-binding of the repressor. DNase I footprinting revealed two protected regions within the promoter region, spanning 23 and 9 nucleotides, respectively. Furthermore, a new cleavage site for DNase I between the protected regions was made accessible by binding of the repressor. The footprints cover a region of three inverted repeats located between the −35 and −10 motifs of the ars promoter. By high resolution footprinting with the hydroxy radical, five sites of close contact between the protein and DNA were identified.

Key words

Staphylococcus xylosus arsoperon ArsR repressor Gel shift assay Footprinting 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralf Rosenstein
    • 1
  • Klaus Nikoleit
    • 1
  • Friedrich Götz
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Mikrobielle GenetikUniversität TübingenTübingenGermany

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