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Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 65–70 | Cite as

Cross-incompatibility between two sympatric polyploid Solanum species

  • E. L. Camadro
  • S. J. Peloquin
Article

Summary

Preliminary results from a large number of reciprocal crosses between the closely related sympatric species S. gourlayi Hawkes (2n=4x=48) and S. oplocense Hawkes (2n=6x=72) indicated that they are difficult to hybridize. Pollen-pistil incompatibility barriers were detected via fluorescent microscopy. The cross incompatibility reaction occurred at three sites in 6x×4x crosses; on the stigma, in the first one-third of the style, and in the first two-thirds of the style. In the reciprocal 4x×6x crosses the incompatibility reaction invariably occurred in the ovary. Backcrosses of interspecific pentaploid hybrids (that were occasionally formed) to both parental populations were fully compatible, partially compatible, and fully incompatible with three sites of cross-incompatibility reaction similar to those observed in 6x×4x crosses, respectively. Both polyploid species were found to be selfcompatible, whereas their F1 hybrids were found to be self-incompatible. An hypothesis based on interactions of dominant cross-incompatibility (CI) genes in pistils and dominant specific complementary genes in pollen grains is postulated to explain these observations. The cross-incompatibility system that appears to be operating in nature between 4x S. gourlayi and 6x S. oplocense provides a way for gene exchange between sympatric populations without threatening the identity of either species.

Key words

Cross-incompatibility Solanum Reproductive barriers Introgression Evolution 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. L. Camadro
    • 1
  • S. J. Peloquin
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Genetics and HorticultureUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonUSA

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