Advertisement

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 47, Issue 3–4, pp 335–379 | Cite as

Effects of heavy metals in soil on microbial processes and populations (a review)

  • E. Bååth
Article

Abstract

The effects of Cd, Cu, Zn, and Pb on soil microorganisms and microbially mediated soil processes are reviewed. The emphasis is placed on temperate forest soils. The sensitivity of different measurements is discussed, and data compiled to compare relative toxicity of different metals. On the whole the relative toxicity of the metals (on a μg g−1 soil basis) decreased in the order Cd > Cu > Zn > Pb, but differences between different investigations were found. The influence of abiotic factors on metal toxicity is briefly discussed and especially examplified by different soil organic matter content. Evidence of tolerance and adaptation in the soil environment and the time scale involved in the evolution of a metal-tolerant microbial community after metal exposure are also considered.

Keywords

Heavy Metal Organic Matter Toxicity Microbial Community Soil Organic Matter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Al-Khafaji, A. A. and Tabatabai, M. A.: 1979, Soil Sci. 127, 129.Google Scholar
  2. Arnebrant, K., Bååth, E. and Nordgren, A.: 1987, Mycologia 79, 890.Google Scholar
  3. Ashida, J.: 1965, Ann. Rev. Phytopath. 3, 153.Google Scholar
  4. Ausmus, B. S., Dodson, G. J., and Jackson, D. R.: 1978, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 10, 19.Google Scholar
  5. Babich, H., Bewley, R. J. F., and Stotzky, G.: 1983, Arch. Environ. Cont. Toxicol. 12, 421.Google Scholar
  6. Babich, H. and Stotzky, G.: 1977a, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 33, 696.Google Scholar
  7. Babich, H. and Stotzky, G.: 1977b, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 33, 1059.Google Scholar
  8. Babich, H. and Stotzky, G.: 1978a, Adv. Appl. Microbiol. 23, 55.Google Scholar
  9. Babich, H. and Stotzky, G.: 1978b, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 36, 904.Google Scholar
  10. Babich, H. and Stotzky, G.: 1980, CRC Crit. Rev. Microbiol. 8, 99.Google Scholar
  11. Babich, H. and Stotzky, G.: 1982, Ecotox. Environ. Safety 6, 577.Google Scholar
  12. Babich, H. and Stotzky, G.: 1983a, in J. O. Nriagu (ed.), Aquatic Toxicology, Wiley, New York, p. 1.Google Scholar
  13. Babich, H. and Stotzky, G.: 1983b, Adv. Appl. Microbiol. 29, 195.Google Scholar
  14. Babich, H. and Stotzky, G.: 1983c, Environ. Health Perspect. 49, 247.Google Scholar
  15. Babich, H. and Stotzky, G.: 1985, Environ. Res. 36, 111.Google Scholar
  16. Barkay, T., Tripp, S. C., and Olson, B. H.: 1985, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 49, 333.Google Scholar
  17. Bell, R., Evans, C. S., and Roberts, E. R.: 1988, Pl. Soil 106, 143.Google Scholar
  18. Benson, N. R. and Covey, R. P.: 1976, Hort. Sci. 11, 252.Google Scholar
  19. Benson, L. M., Evans, R. L., and Peterson, P. J.: 1980, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 74, 199.Google Scholar
  20. Berg, B. and Staaf, H.: 1980, Ecol. Bull. 32, 373.Google Scholar
  21. Bewley, R. J. F. and Stotzky, G.: 1983a, Sci. Total Environ. 31, 41.Google Scholar
  22. Bewley, R. J. F. and Stotzky, G.: 1983b, Sci. Total Environ. 31, 57.Google Scholar
  23. Bewley, R. J. F. and Stotzky, G.: 1983c, Arch. Environ. Cont. Toxicol. 12, 285.Google Scholar
  24. Bewley, R. J. F. and Stotzky, G.: 1983d, Environ. Res. 31, 332.Google Scholar
  25. Bhuiya, M. R. H. and Cornfield, A. H.: 1972, Environ. Pollut. 3, 173.Google Scholar
  26. Bhuiya, M. R. H. and Cornfield, A. H.: 1974, Environ. Pollut. 7, 161.Google Scholar
  27. Bisessar, S.: 1982, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 17, 305.Google Scholar
  28. Bollag, J.-M. and Barabasz, W.: 1979, J. Environ. Qual. 8, 196.Google Scholar
  29. Bond, H., Lighthart, R., Shimabuku, R., and Russel, L.: 1976, Soil Sci. 121, 278.Google Scholar
  30. Bowen, G. D., Skinner, M. F., and Bevege, D. I.: 1974, Soil Biol. Biochem. 6, 141.Google Scholar
  31. Bradley, R., Burt, A. J., and Read, D. J.: 1981, Nature 292, 335.Google Scholar
  32. Bradley, R., Burt, A. J., and Read, D. J.: 1982, New Phytol. 91, 197.Google Scholar
  33. Brookes, P. C. and McGrath, S. P.: 1984, J. Soil Sci. 35, 341.Google Scholar
  34. Brookes, P. C., McGrath, S. P., and Heijnen, C.: 1986a, Soil Biol. Biochem. 18, 345.Google Scholar
  35. Brookes, P. C., Heijnen, C. E., McGrath, S. P., and Vance, E. D.: 1986b, Soil Biol. Biochem. 18, 383.Google Scholar
  36. Brown, M. T. and Wilkins, D. A.: 1985a, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 84, 367.Google Scholar
  37. Brown, M. T. and Wilkins, D. A.: 1985b, New Phytol. 99, 101.Google Scholar
  38. Carter, A.: 1978, ‘Some Aspects of the Fungal Flora in Nickel-Contaminated and Non-contaminated Soils near Sudbury, Ontario, Canada’, M.Sc. Thesis. University of Ontario.Google Scholar
  39. Chaney, W. R., Kelly, J. M., and Strickland, R. C.: 1978, J. Environ. Qual. 7, 115.Google Scholar
  40. Chang, F.-H. and Broadbent, F. E.: 1981, Soil Sci. 132, 416.Google Scholar
  41. Chang, F.-H. and Broadbent, F. E.: 1982, J. Environ. Qual. 11, 1.Google Scholar
  42. Cole, M. A.: 1977, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 33, 262.Google Scholar
  43. Colpaert, J. V. and Van Assche, J. A.: 1987, Funct. Ecol. 1, 415.Google Scholar
  44. Cornfield, A. H.: 1977, Geoderma 19, 199.Google Scholar
  45. Coughtrey, P. J., Jones, C. H., Martin, M. H., and Shales, S. W.: 1979, Oecologia 39, 51.Google Scholar
  46. Crist, T. O., Williams, N. R., Amthor, J. S., and Siccama, T. G.: 1985, Environ. Pollut. 38, 295.Google Scholar
  47. Darlington, A. B. and Rauser, W. E.: 1988, Can. J. Bot. 66, 225.Google Scholar
  48. DeCatanzaro, J. B. and Hutchinson, T. C.: 1985, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 24, 153.Google Scholar
  49. Denny, H. J. and Wilkins, D. A.: 1987a, New Phytol. 106, 535.Google Scholar
  50. Denny, H. J. and Wilkins, D. A.: 1987b, New Phytol. 106, 545.Google Scholar
  51. Dixon, R. K.: 1988, Soil Biol. Biochem. 20, 555.Google Scholar
  52. Doelman, P.: 1986, in V. Jensen, A. Kjöller, L. H. Sörensen (eds.), Microbial Communities in Soil, Elsevier, London and New York, p. 369.Google Scholar
  53. Doelman, P. and Haanstra, L.: 1979a, Soil Biol. Biochem. 11, 475.Google Scholar
  54. Doelman, P. and Haanstra, L.: 1979b, Soil Biol. Biochem. 11, 481.Google Scholar
  55. Doelman, P. and Haanstra, L.: 1979c, Soil Biota Biochem. 11, 487.Google Scholar
  56. Doelman, P. and Haanstra, L.: 1984, Pl. Soil 79, 317.Google Scholar
  57. Doelman, P. and Haanstra, L.: 1986, Biol. Fert. Soils 2, 231.Google Scholar
  58. Domsch, K. H.: 1984, Pl. Soil 76, 367.Google Scholar
  59. Dueck, Th. A., Visser, P., Ernst, W. H. O., and Schat, H.: 1986, Soil Biol. Biochem. 18, 331.Google Scholar
  60. Duxbury, T.: 1985, in K. C. Marshall (ed.) Advances in Microbial Ecology, Plenum Press, New York and London, p. 185.Google Scholar
  61. Duxbury, T. and Bicknell, B.: 1983, Soil Biol. Biochem. 15, 243.Google Scholar
  62. Ebregt, A. and Boldewijn, J. M. A. M.: 1977, Pl. Soil 47, 137.Google Scholar
  63. Eiland, F.: 1981, Danish J. Plant Soil Sci. 85, 39.Google Scholar
  64. Frankenberger, W. T. and Tabatabai, M. A.: 1981, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 45, 1124.Google Scholar
  65. Freedman, B. and Hutchinson, T. C.: 1980a, Can. J. Bot. 58, 108.Google Scholar
  66. Freedman, B. and Hutchinson, T. C.: 1980b, Can. J. Bot. 58, 1722.Google Scholar
  67. Friedland, A. J., Johnson, A. H., and Siccama, T. G.: 1986, Can. J. Bot. 64, 1349.Google Scholar
  68. Gadd, G. M.: 1984, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 82, 546.Google Scholar
  69. Gadd, G. M. and Griffiths, A. J.: 1978, Microb. Ecol. 4, 303.Google Scholar
  70. Garcia-Toledo, A., Babich, H., and Stotzky, G.: 1985, Can. J. Microbiol. 31, 485.Google Scholar
  71. Gast, C. H., Jansen, E., Bierling, J., and Haanstra, L.: 1988, Chemosphere 17, 789.Google Scholar
  72. Giashuddin, M. and Cornfield, A. H.: 1978, Environ. Pollut. 15, 231.Google Scholar
  73. Giashuddin, M. and Cornfield, A. H.: 1979, Environ. Pollut. 19, 67.Google Scholar
  74. Gildon, A. and Tinker, P. B.: 1983a, New Phytol. 95, 247.Google Scholar
  75. Gildon, A. and Tinker, P. B.: 1983b, New Phytol. 95, 263.Google Scholar
  76. Gilmore, A. E.: 1971, J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 96, 35.Google Scholar
  77. Graham, J. H., Timmer, L. W., and Fardelmann, D.: 1986, Phytopath. 76, 66.Google Scholar
  78. Greszta, J., Braniewski, S., Marezynska-Galkowska, K., and Nosek, A.: 1979, Ekol. Polska 27, 397.Google Scholar
  79. Haanstra, L. and Doelman, P.: 1984, Soil Biol. Biochem. 16, 595.Google Scholar
  80. Haanstra, L., Doelman, P. and Once Voshaar, J. H.: 1985, Pl. Soil 84, 293.Google Scholar
  81. Hartman, L. M.: 1976, ‘Fungal flora of the Soils as Conditioned by Varying Concentrations of Heavy Metals’, Ph.D. Thesis. University of Montana.Google Scholar
  82. Hayakawa, M., Iino, S., and Nonomura, H.: 1982, Hakkokogaku 60, 1.Google Scholar
  83. Hayman, D. S. and Tavares, M.: 1985, New Phytol. 100, 367.Google Scholar
  84. Inman, J. C. and Parker, G. R.: 1978, Environ. Pollut. 17, 39.Google Scholar
  85. Jackson, D. R. and Watson, A. P.: 1977, J. Environ. Qual. 6, 331.Google Scholar
  86. Jones, M. D. and Hutchinson, T. C.: 1986, New Phytol. 102, 429.Google Scholar
  87. Jones, M. D., Browning, M. H. R., and Hutchinson, T. C.: 1986, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 31, 441.Google Scholar
  88. Jordan, M. J. and Lechevalier, M. P.: 1975, Can. J. Microbiol. 21, 1855.Google Scholar
  89. Juma, M. G. and Tabatabai, M. A.: 1977, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 41, 343.Google Scholar
  90. Kalin, M. and Stokes, P. M.: 1981, Sci. Total Environ. 19, 83.Google Scholar
  91. Kendrick, W. B.: 1962, Can. J. Microbiol. 8, 639.Google Scholar
  92. Khan, D. H. and Frankland, B.: 1984, Environ. Pollut. 33, 63.Google Scholar
  93. Killham, K. and Firestone, M. K.: 1983, Pl. Soil 72, 39.Google Scholar
  94. Klotz, R. L.: 1981, Environ. Pollut. 24, 1.Google Scholar
  95. Kuusi, T., Laaksovirta, K., Liukkonen-Lilja, H., Lodenius, M., and Piepponen, S.: 1981, Z. Lebensm. Untersuch. Forsch. 173, 261.Google Scholar
  96. Lapeyrie, F., Chilvers, G. A., and Bhem, C. A.: 1987, New Phytol. 106, 139.Google Scholar
  97. Laub, E., Waligorski, F., and Woller, R.: 1977, Z. Lebensm. Untersuch. Forsch. 164, 267.Google Scholar
  98. Lees, H.: 1948, Biochem. J. 42, 534.Google Scholar
  99. Liang, C. N. and Tabatabai, M. A.: 1977, Environ. Pollut. 12, 141.Google Scholar
  100. Liang, C. N. and Tabatabai, M. A.: 1978, J. Environ. Qual. 7, 291.Google Scholar
  101. Lighthart, B.: 1980, Ant. Leeuwenh. 46, 161.Google Scholar
  102. Lighthart, B., Baham, J., and Volk, V. V.: 1983, J. Environ. Qual. 12, 543.Google Scholar
  103. LoBuglio, K. F. and Wilcox, H. F.: 1988, Can. J. Bot. 66, 55.Google Scholar
  104. Mahler, I., Levinson, H. S., Wang, Y., and Halvorson, H. O.: 1986, Appl Environ. Microbiol. 52, 1293.Google Scholar
  105. Malajczuk, N. and Cromack, K. Jr.: 1982, New Phytol. 92, 527.Google Scholar
  106. Maliszewska, W., Dec, S., Wierzbicka, H., and Wozniakowska, A.: 1985, Environ. Pollut. 37, 195.Google Scholar
  107. Malloch, D. and Duja, A. L.: 1979, Can. J. Bot. 57, 1848.Google Scholar
  108. Marx, D. H. and Artman, J. D.: 1979, Reclam. Rev. 2, 23.Google Scholar
  109. Mathur, S. P. and Rayment, A. F.: 1977, Can. J. Soil Sci. 57, 397.Google Scholar
  110. Mathur, S. P. and Sanderson, R. B.: 1978, Can. J. Soil Sci. 58, 125.Google Scholar
  111. Mathur, S. P. and Preston, C. M.: 1981, Can. J. Soil Sci. 61, 445.Google Scholar
  112. Mathur, S. P., Hamilton, H. A., and Levesque, M. P.: 1979, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 43, 200.Google Scholar
  113. Mathur, S. P., MacDougall, J. I., and McGrath, M.: 1980, Soil Sci. 129, 376.Google Scholar
  114. McGrath, S. P., Brookes, P. C., and Giller, K. E.: 1988, Soil Biol. Biochem. 20, 415.Google Scholar
  115. McIlveen, W. D. and Cole, Jr. H.: 1974, Phytopath. 64, 583.Google Scholar
  116. McIlveen, W. D. and Cole, Jr. H.: 1978/1979, Agr. Environ. 4, 245.Google Scholar
  117. McKenney, D. J. and Vriesacker, J. R.: 1985, Environ. Pollut. 38, 221.Google Scholar
  118. Mikkelsen, J. P.: 1974, Tids. Planteavl 78, 509.Google Scholar
  119. Minnich, M. M. and McBride, M. B.: 1986, Pl. Soil 91, 231.Google Scholar
  120. Morrissey, R. F.: 1975, ‘The Influence of Heavy Metals on Microbially Mediated Nitrogen Transformations in Soil: Nitrification and Ammonification’, Ph. D. Thesis. University of Connecticut.Google Scholar
  121. Morsfelt, A. F. W., Smits, W. T. M., and Limonard, T.: 1986, Pl. Soil 96, 417.Google Scholar
  122. Mowll, J. L. and Gadd, G. M.: 1985, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 84, 685.Google Scholar
  123. Muskett, C. J. and Jones, M. P.: 1981, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 15, 329.Google Scholar
  124. Necker, U. and Kunze, C.: 1986, Angew. Bot. 60, 81.Google Scholar
  125. Nohrstedt, H.-Ö.: 1987, Scand. J. For. Res. 2, 13.Google Scholar
  126. Nordgren, A., Bååth, E., and Söderström, B.: 1983, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 46, 1829.Google Scholar
  127. Nordgren, A., Bååth, E., and Söderström, B.: 1985, Can. J. Bot. 63, 448.Google Scholar
  128. Nordgren, A., Kauri, T., Bååth, E., and Söderström, B.: 1986, Environ. Pollut. 41, 89.Google Scholar
  129. Nordgren, A., Bååth, E., and Söderström, B.: 1988, Soil Biol. Biochem. 20, 949.Google Scholar
  130. Ohya, H., Komai, Y., and Yamaguchi, M.: 1985, Biol. Fert. Soils 1, 117.Google Scholar
  131. Ohya, H., Komai, Y., and Yamaguchi, M.: 1986, Biol. Fert. Soils 2, 59.Google Scholar
  132. Okamoto, K. and Fuwa, K.: 1974, Agr. Biol. Chem. 38, 1405.Google Scholar
  133. Olsen, R. A. and Bakken, L. R.: 1987, Microb. Ecol. 13, 59.Google Scholar
  134. Olson, B. H. and Thornton, I.: 1982, J. Soil Sci. 33, 271.Google Scholar
  135. Pancholy, S. K., Rice, E. L., and Turner, J. A.: 1975, J. Appl. Ecol. 12, 337.Google Scholar
  136. Porter, J. R. and Sheridan, R. P.: 1981, Pl. Physiol. 68, 143.Google Scholar
  137. Premi, P. R. and Cornfield, A. H.: 1969, Pl. Soil 31, 345.Google Scholar
  138. Preve, R. E., Burger, J. A., and Kreh, R. E.: 1984, J. Environ. Qual. 13, 387.Google Scholar
  139. Pyatt, F. B.: 1973, Trans, Br. Mycol. Soc. 61, 189.Google Scholar
  140. Quraishi, M. S. I. and Cornfield, A. H.: 1973, Environ. Pollut. 4, 159.Google Scholar
  141. Rogers, J. E. and Li, S. W.: 1985, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 34, 858.Google Scholar
  142. Ross, I. S.: 1975, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 64, 175.Google Scholar
  143. Ross, D. S., Sjogren, R. E., and Bartlett, R. J.: 1981, J. Environ. Qual. 10, 145.Google Scholar
  144. Rother, J. A., Millbank, J. W., and Thornton, J.: 1982a, J. Soil Sci. 33, 101.Google Scholar
  145. Rother, J. A., Millbank, J. W., and Thornton, J.: 1982b, Pl. Soil 69, 239.Google Scholar
  146. Rühling, Å.: 1983, Swedish Natural Environment Protection Board, PM 1727.Google Scholar
  147. Rühling, Å., Bååth, E., Nordgren, A., and Söderström, B.: 1984, Ambio 13, 34.Google Scholar
  148. Rühling, Å. and Tyler, G.: 1973, Oikos 24, 402.Google Scholar
  149. Rühling, Å. and Tyler, G.: 1979, Swedish Natural Environment Protection Board, PM 1150.Google Scholar
  150. Seeger, R.: 1978, Z. Lebensm. Untersuch. Forsch. 166, 23.Google Scholar
  151. Skujins, J., Nohrstedt, H. -O. and Oden, S.: 1986, Swedish J. Agr. Res. 16, 81.Google Scholar
  152. Spalding, B. P.: 1979, J. Environ. Qual. 8, 105.Google Scholar
  153. Stott, D. E., Dick, W. A., and Tabatabai, M. A.: 1985, Soil Sci. 139, 112.Google Scholar
  154. Strojan, C. L.: 1978, Oecologia 32, 203.Google Scholar
  155. Svenson, A.: 1986, Pl. Soil 94, 227.Google Scholar
  156. Swaminathan, K. and Verma, B. C.: 1979, New Phytol. 82, 481.Google Scholar
  157. Tabatabai, M. A.: 1977, Soil Biol. Biochem. 9, 9.Google Scholar
  158. Timmer, L. W. and Leyden, R. F.: 1980, New Phytol. 85, 15.Google Scholar
  159. Tyler, G.: 1974a, Swedish Natural Environment Protection Board, PM 542.Google Scholar
  160. Tyler, G.: 1974b, Pl. Soil 41, 303.Google Scholar
  161. Tyler, G.: 1975a, Nature 255, 701.Google Scholar
  162. Tyler, G.: 1975b, International Conference on Heavy Metals in the Environment. Toronto, Canada, p. 217.Google Scholar
  163. Tyler, G.: 1977, Swedish Natural Environment Protection Board, PM 861.Google Scholar
  164. Tyler, G.: 1980, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 74, 41.Google Scholar
  165. Tyler, G.: 1981, in E. A. Paul and J. N. Ladd (eds.), Soil Biochemistry 5, Marcel Dekker, New York and Basel, p. 371.Google Scholar
  166. Tyler, G.: 1982, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 79, 239.Google Scholar
  167. Tyler, G.: 1983, Ecological Effects of Acid Deposition, National Swedish Environment Protection Board, PM 1636, p. 245.Google Scholar
  168. Tyler, G.: 1984, Ambio 134, 18.Google Scholar
  169. Tyler, G., Mörnsjö, B., and Nilsson, B.: 1974, Pl. Soil 40, 237.Google Scholar
  170. Tyler, G. and Westman, L.: 1979, Swedish Natural Environment Protection Board, PM 1203.Google Scholar
  171. Vesper, S. J. and Weidensaul, T. C.: 1978, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 9, 413.Google Scholar
  172. Walter, C. and Stadelmann, F.: 1979, Schweiz Landwirts. Forsch. 18, 311.Google Scholar
  173. Warcup, J. H.: 1955, Trans. Br. Mycol Soc. 38, 298.Google Scholar
  174. Watson, A. P.: 1975, Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Trace Substances and Environmental Health, University of Missouri, p. 227.Google Scholar
  175. Williams, S. T., McNeilly, T., and Wellington, E. M. H.: 1977, Soil Biol. Biochem. 9, 271.Google Scholar
  176. Wilson, D. O.: 1977a, Soil Biol. Biochem. 9, 277.Google Scholar
  177. Wilson, D. O.: 1977b, Environ. Pollut. 12, 73.Google Scholar
  178. Yamamoto, H., Tatsuyama, K., Egawa, H., and Furuta, T.: 1981, Japan. J. Soil Sci. Pl. Nutr. 52, 119.Google Scholar
  179. Yamamoto, H., Tatsuyama, K., and Uchiwa, T.: 1985, Soil Biol. Biochem. 17, 785.Google Scholar
  180. Yang, S. H. and Ehrlich, H.: 1976, in J. M. Miles and A. M. Kaplan (eds.), Proceedings of the Third International Biodegradation Symposium, Applied Science Publishers, London, p. 867.Google Scholar
  181. Zibilski, L. M. and Wagner, G. H.: 1982, Soil Sci. 134, 364.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Bååth
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbial EcologyLund UniversityLundSweden

Personalised recommendations