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Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 37–41 | Cite as

Variations of chloroplast DNAs in the genus Pelargonium and their biparental inheritance

  • M. Metzlaff
  • T. Börner
  • R. Hagemann
Article

Summary

The comparison of EcoRI patterns of chloroplast DNAs (ctDNAs) from five species of the genus Pelargonium and from 16 cultivars and varieties of Pelargoniumzonale hort. demonstrates a remarkable inter- and intraspecific ctDNA (plastome) variation. The plastome of the P. zonale varieties could be differentiated into groups I, II and III. Reasons for this variation seem to be: occurrence of numerous spontaneous plastome mutations, intense hybridisation by gardeners and breeders, and biparental plastid inheritance.

Crosses of P. zonale varieties with different ctDNA types lead to the direct evidence on the molecular level of biparental plastid inheritance and plastid sorting-out in F1-hybrids.

Key words

Pelargonium Inter- and intra-specific chloroplast DNA variation Restriction patterns Biparental plastid inheritance 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Metzlaff
    • 1
  • T. Börner
    • 1
  • R. Hagemann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeneticsMartin-Luther-UniversityHalle/S.DDR

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