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Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 3–19 | Cite as

Inheritance of bud-set and bud-flushing in Picea abies (L.) Karst

  • G. Eriksson
  • I. Ekberg
  • I. Dormling
  • B. Matérn
  • D. von Wettstein
Article

Summary

Diallel crosses were made between clones of a French and a Swedish provenance of Picea abies. The former is characterized by a long critical night length for bud-set and a late flushing of the buds; the latter by a short critical night length for bud-set and an early flushing of the buds. The F1 hybrid seedlings and their French and Swedish intraprovenance half-sibs were tested over three growth periods in the phytotron at the College of Forestry, Stockholm. In comparison with intraprovenance half-sibs, the hybrid progenies gave, on average, an intermediate response for the photoperiodic control over budset and for the temperature requirements for bud-flushing. This indicates the prevalence of additive action of multiple factors in the determination of the photoperiodic and temperature response. However, individual interprovenance hybrid progenies revealed a range of responses, and in certain combinations the response of these hybrids and their intraprovenance half-sibs coincided. By selection of suitable parents, interprovenance crosses can be used to produce hybrids with desired photoperiodic characteristics and temperature requirements.

Key words

Critical night length Photoperiodism Bud-flushing Temperature requirements Provenance crosses General and specific combining ability Breeding values 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Eriksson
    • 1
  • I. Ekberg
    • 1
  • I. Dormling
    • 1
  • B. Matérn
    • 1
  • D. von Wettstein
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forest Genetics, the Phytotron and Department of Forest BiometrySwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsala and StockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of PhysiologyCarlsberg LaboratoryCopenhagenDenmark

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