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Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 83–87 | Cite as

The characterization of herbicide tolerant plants in Brassica napus L. after in vitro selection of microspores and protoplasts

  • Eric B. Swanson
  • Marc P. Coumans
  • Gerry L. Brown
  • Jayanti D. Patel
  • W. D. Beversdorf
Article

Abstract

Brassica napus L.(cv Topas) plants tolerant to chlorsulfuron (CS) were isolated after selection experiments utilizing microspores and haploid protoplasts. The first microspore-derived plant (M-37,) was CS tolerant, haploid and sterile. Normal plant morphology and fertility was restored after colchicine doubling. A CS tolerant plant was also selected from protoplasts (P-26) isolated from microspore-derived embryo tissue and grown on medium containing CS. P-26 was aneuploid, CS tolerant and had very low fertility. The two selected lines produced selfed progeny which were tolerant to from 10–100 times the CS levels of the corresponding Topas plants. Microspores and protoplasts derived from the selfed plants were also CS tolerant. The segregation pattern for CS tolerance from reciprocally crossed progeny of M-37 and Topas was consistent with a semi-dominant nuclear mode of inheritance. Biochemical analysis of the two mutants indicated that the microspore-derived mutant and F1 crosses contained an altered acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) enzyme, while the AHAS activity of the protoplast mutant was similar to Topas. Selfed seed from the M-37 plants have provided tolerance to CS in both greenhouse and field tests. S1 plants from a second microspore selected mutant (M-42) have tolerated 30 g/ha of CS in greenhouse tests. The two single-celled selection systems are discussed and the microspore selection system highlighted as a new method for in vitro selection.

Keywords

Colchicine Selection System Selected Mutant Chlorsulfuron Selfed Progeny 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric B. Swanson
    • 1
  • Marc P. Coumans
    • 1
  • Gerry L. Brown
    • 1
  • Jayanti D. Patel
    • 1
  • W. D. Beversdorf
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant BiologyAllelix Inc.MississaugaCanada

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