Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 206–209 | Cite as

Somaclonal variation in the berberine-producing capability of a culture strain of Thalictrum minus

  • A. Bariaud-Fontanel
  • M. Tabata


Variation in the productivity of berberine between clonal cell lines derived from a culture strain of Thalictrum minus. var. hypoleucum was investigated during the period of successive transfer generations. There was a correlation between berberine productivity and growth in these clonal cultures. Although no significant difference was found in the secretory function as well as the qualitative pattern of alkaloids, there was wide variation in the yield of berberine among the clones. Some of the cell lines have shown a high stability throughout the successive subculturing, whereas the other lines tended to either decrease or increase the productivity continually before they have become more or less stable at low or high levels. After eight months of subculturing, one of the high-producing cell lines yielded 0.76 g of berberine per liter in 14 days of culture strain. In view of variations observed in both primary and secondary clones, the possible cause of the quantitative variation in berberine production in Thalictrum cultures is discussed.


Alkaloid Transfer Generation High Stability Clonal Cell Quantitative Variation 
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Linsmaier and Skoog (1965)


2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid




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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Bariaud-Fontanel
    • 1
  • M. Tabata
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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