Outdoor mass culture of Spirulina maxima in sea-water
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The results of a whole year experiment on the outdoor mass culture of Spirulina maxima strain 4Mx on fertilized sea-water are reported. Carbonate and phosphate precipitation in the sea-water media was prevented by maintaining a low concentration of phosphate and by controlling the pH in the range of 8.0–8.3. The mean annual yield of biomass on sea-water plus urea as nitrogen source was 7.35 g (dry weight) m-2· day-1, a value slightly lower than that obtained on the standard bicarbonate medium (8.14 g · m-2 · day-1). On sea-water plus nitrate the yield was only 5.2 g·m-2·day-1. The nitrogen content of the biomass was higher in summer and lower in winter. The seasonal effect was more evident when nitrate was the nitrogen source.
KeywordsNitrogen Precipitation Phosphate Biomass Nitrate
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