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Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 76, Issue 3, pp 333–340 | Cite as

Origin of chloroplast DNA diversity in the Andean potatoes

  • K. Hosaka
  • R. E. HannemanJr.
Article

Summary

Wide chloroplast DNA (ctDNA) diversity has been reported in the Andean cultivated tetraploid potato, Solanum tuberosum ssp. andigena. Andean diploid potatoes were analyzed in this study to elucidate the origin of the diverse ctDNA variation of the cultivated tetraploids. The ctDNA types of 58 cultivated diploid potatoes (S. stenotomum, S. goniocalyx and S. phureja), 35 accessions of S. sparsipilum, a diploid weed species, and 40 accessions of the wild or weed species, S. chacoense, were determined based on ctDNA restriction fragment patterns of BamHI, HindIII and PvuII. Several different ctDNA types were found in the cultivated potatoes as well as in weed and wild potato species; thus, intraspecific ctDNA variation may be common in both wild and cultivated potato species and perhaps in the higher plant kingdom as a whole. The ctDNA variation range of cultivated diploid potatoes was similar to that of the tetraploid potatoes, suggesting that the ctDNA diversity of the tetraploid potato could have been introduced from cultivated diploid potatoes. This provided further evidence that the Andean cultivated tetraploid potato, ssp. andigena, could have arisen many times from the cultivated diploid populations. The diverse but conserved ctDNA variation noted in the Andean potatoes may have occurred in the early stage of species differentiation of South American tuber-bearing Solanums.

Key words

Chloroplast DNA Intraspecific variation Solanum tuberosum ssp. andigena Tuber-bearing solanums Potato 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Hosaka
    • 1
  • R. E. HannemanJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of HorticultureUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Department of HorticultureUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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