Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 161–167 | Cite as

Mitochondrial DNA variation in maize plants regenerated during tissue culture selection

  • B. G. Gengenbach
  • J. A. Connelly
  • D. R. Pring
  • M. F. Conde


Plants resistant to Helminthosporium maydis race T were obtained following selection for H. maydis pathotoxin resistance in tissue cultures of susceptible, Texas male-sterile (T) cytoplasm maize. The selected lines transmitted H. maydis resistance to their sexual progeny as an extranuclear trait. Of 167 resistant, regenerated plants, 97 were male fertile and 70 were classified male sterile for reasons that included abnormal plant, tassel, anther or pollen development. No progeny were obtained from these male-sterile, resistant plants. Male fertility and resistance to the Phyllosticta maydis pathotoxin that specifically affects T cytoplasm maize were co-transmitted with H. maydis resistance to progeny of male-fertile, resistant plants. These three traits previously were associated only with the normal (N) male-fertile cytoplasm condition in maize. Three generations of progeny testing provided no indication that the cytoplasmic association of male sterility and toxin susceptibility had been broken by this selection and regeneration procedure. Restriction endonuclease analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) revealed that three selected, resistant lines had distinct mtDNA organization that distinguished them from each other, from T and from N cytoplasm maize. Restriction patterns of the selected resistant lines were similar to those from T cytoplasm mtDNA; these patterns had not been observed in any previous analyses of various sources of T cytoplasm. The mtDNA analyses indicated that the male-fertile, toxin-resistant lines did not originate from selection of N mitochondrial genomes coexisting previously with T genomes in the T cytoplasm line used for selection.

Key words

Extranuclear inheritance Male sterile cytoplasm Helminthosporium maydis resistance Maize tissue culture Mitochondrial DNA analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. G. Gengenbach
    • 1
  • J. A. Connelly
    • 1
    • 4
  • D. R. Pring
    • 2
  • M. F. Conde
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy and Plant GeneticsUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA
  2. 2.USDA/SEA/AR, Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  4. 4.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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