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Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 70, Issue 1, pp 22–31 | Cite as

Bean lectins

5. Quantitative genetic variation in seed lectins of Phaseolus vulgaris L. and its relationship to qualitative lectin variation
  • T. C. Osborn
  • J. W. S. Brown
  • F. A. Bliss
Article

Summary

Seeds of forty bean cultivars having different lectin types based on two-dimensional isoelectric focusing-sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (IEF-SDS/PAGE) were analyzed for quantities of lectin, phaseolin and total protein. Significant differences were found among groups of cultivars with different lectin types for the quantity of lectin and phaseolin. Cultivars with more complex lectin types based on IEF-SDS/PAGE tended to have higher quantities of lectin and lower quantities of phaseolin than cultivars with simple lectin types. An association between lectin type and the quantity of lectin and phaseolin was found also in the seeds of F2 plants that segregated in a Mendelian fashion for two lectin types. Seeds from plants with the complex lectin type had more lectin and less phaseolin than seeds from plants with the simple lectin type. Therefore, the genes controlling qualitative lectin variation also may influence the quantitative variation of lectin and phaseolin. The results of this study are related to other studies on the quantitative variation for seed proteins and to the possible molecular basis for variation in the quantity of lectins in beans.

Key words

Phaseolus vulgaris Lectin Phaseolin Quantitative variation Immunoelectrophoresis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. C. Osborn
    • 1
  • J. W. S. Brown
    • 1
  • F. A. Bliss
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HorticultureUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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