Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 156, Issue 4, pp 312–318

Cell wall and sheath constituents of the cyanobacterium Gloeobacter violaceus

  • Sabine Schneider
  • Uwe J. Jürgens
Original Papers


Sheaths isolated from Gloeobacter violaceus were found to be composed of a major polysaccharide moiety (glucose, galactose, rhamnose, mannose, arabinose), a protein moiety, and negatively charged components (glucuronic acids, phosphate, sulfate). Outer membrane polypeptide patterns were dominated by two major peptidoglycan-associated proteins (Mr 62,000 and 53,000). Lipopolysaccharide constituents were glucosamine, 3-hydroxy fatty acids (3-OH-14:0, anteiso-3-OH-15:0, 3-OH-16:0, 3-OH-18:0), carbohydrates, and phosphate. A1γ-type peptidoglycan and non-peptidoglycan components (mannosamine, glucose, mannose, and glucosamine) indicated the presence of a peptidoglycan-polysaccharide complex in the cell walls of Gloeobacter violaceus.

Key words

Cell wall Cyanobacterium Gloeobacter violaceus Lipopolysaccharide Outer membrane protein Peptidoglycan-polysaccharide complex Sheath 



diaminopimelic acid


American Type Culture Collection


cell envelope


cytoplasmic membrane


cell wall


3-deoxy-d-manno-2-octulosonic acid






glucuronic acid


hydrofluoric acid






relative molecular mass


muramic acid


muramic acid-6-phosphate




polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis


Pasteur Culture Collection


sodium dodecyl sulfate




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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sabine Schneider
    • 1
  • Uwe J. Jürgens
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Biologie II, MikrobiologieAlbert-Ludwigs-UniversitätFreiburg i. Br.Federal Republic of Germany

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